HOLY TRINITY, GUILDFORD, ROLL OF HONOUR1914-18
Holy Trinity, Guildford, Memorial Tablet
The Holy Trinity War Memorial comprises three Sanctuary Lamps, named Sacrifice, Duty and Fortitude and a tablet commemorating the 106 men of the Parish who gave their lives in the First World War. On Easter Sunday, 1921, the Bishop of Guildford dedicated the memorial in his morning service (Surrey Advertiser 2nd April 1921). I have been researching the background of these men and I have compiled a Roll of Honour to show how their sacrifice must have affected so many other lives in this part of the Guildford.
|George Stopford||ADAMS||Chestnut Avenue||11th May 1915||42|
|Roland George||ADAMS||45 Stockton Rd||1st May 1918||26|
|Benjamin George||ATTFIELD||29A Quarry Hill||24th September 1918||21|
|George||BAILEY||95 Addison Rd||5th July 1918||32|
|Percy||BANNISTER||Pannells Terrace||26th February 1919||19|
|Arthur George "Anthony"||BATCHELOR||38 Castle St||10th August 1918||19|
|Ivan Provis Wentworth||BENNETT||138 High St and Merrow||14th July 1916||25|
|Ernest E||BONSEY MM||10 Bright Hill||25th September 1917||20|
|James H||BOOKHAM||7 Tunsgate||9th August 1915||unknown|
|Hugh Lennox Fleming||BOYD||Hill House, Harvey Road||18th November 1917||27|
|Alfred William||BOXALL||90 Addison Rd||20th January 1918||46|
|Cecil||BROTHERTON||Shalford||7th August 1918||23|
|Esme||BROTHERTON MM||Shalford and Fulham||16th August 1917||28|
|Charles Edward||BRIANT MM||4 South Street||18th October 1917||28|
|F.D.S.||BROWNE||further research needed||nk||nk|
|Frederick James||BROWN||6 Cline Rd||28th August 1915||26|
|Henry Maurice||BROWN||6 Cline Rd||1st August 1918||24|
|Rowland Ernest||BROWN||6 Cline Rd||7th May 1918||26|
|Albert Victor||BURDOCK||17 Woodbridge Rd||3rd December 1917||20|
|John Huleatt||BROWNRIGG||15 Quarry Street||14th April 1915||20|
|John||CLARK||12 Cheselden Rd||29th September 1917||22|
|Alfred Frederick||COBBETT||40 Ludlow Rd||3rd October 1918||36|
|Frank Arthur||COBBETT||92a High Street||29th September 1918||31|
|William||COBBETT||39 Addison Rd||14th September 1914||31|
|Albert C||COLLIER||6 Victoria Square||30th October 1917||30|
|Leslie Conrad||COLLIER||27 Springfield Rd||28th February 1915||22|
|Walter||COLLIER||27 Springfield Road||9th August 1915||30|
|Eric John Western||DOLPHIN||Oak Lodge, London Road||7th November 1914||28|
|John||EVANS||24 Cheselden Road||3rd July 1916||27|
|Frederick Charles||ETHERIDGE||136 Addison Rd||7th December 1918||21|
|Walter George||FACER||44 Cline Rd||26th April 1918||24|
|Edward Norman Alison||FINLAY||Alverstoke,Clandon Road, Guildford||4th July 1916||26|
|Eric Lionel||FINLAY||Danesrood, Guildford||20th March 1916||24|
|Frank Henry||FISON||Castle Hill||19th July 1916||22|
|Frederick||FORD||3, Quarry Street||16th September 1916||39|
|Markham Henry||GIRADOT||London Road||28th April 1915||29|
|Mark William George||GLAZIER||14 Hill Place||7th August 1917||39|
|Harry||GOODEVE||20 Ludlow Road||23rd July 1916||nk|
|William George||GRINSTEAD||16 Bedford Rd||29th October 1914||nk|
|Ernest Alfred||GYATT||Ludlow Rd||4th August 1918||25|
|R S F||HALL||nk||20th May 1919||nk|
|Frank Walter Lawrence||HARDING||Guildford||4th July 1916||nk|
|L||HARDING||to be confirmed||to be confirmed||nk|
|George Cliffe||HATCH||nk||2nd August 1918||24|
|Robert Francis||HEBBERT||West Rd||19th March 1916||32|
|John Hector||HIBBERT||18 Addison Rd||23rd July 1918||21|
|Frank Ernest||HILL||16 Cooper Rd||14th December 1916||32|
|Edward Albert||HILL||requires further research||15th June 1917||21|
|John Richard||HOOPER||34 Addison Rd||24th October 1918||23|
|William||HOOPER||34 Addison Rd||9th April 1918||31|
|Ernest William Edward||JELLEY||67 Addison Rd||10th September 1916||20|
|Albert Edward||JOHNSON||1 Hill Place||12th March 1915||32|
|Alfred Charles||KEMP||95 Cline Rd||30th October 1914||22|
|George Frederick||KIMBER||Bright Hill||4th February 1917||36|
|Albert William||LANSLEY||54 Addison Rd||6th August 1915||23|
|John Henry||LAW||Cheselden Rd||27th September 1918||19|
|Walter Reginald||LLOYD||Guildford||14th September 1914||46|
|Francis Robert Leslie||LOWTH||Epsom Rd||22nd August 1915||27|
|John Leslie||LOWTH||Epsom Rd||4th October 1917||27|
|Percy||LEVICK||Oatlands, Epsom Rd||15th March 1918||nk|
|Edward Harvey||LUNN||Nightingale Rd||31st July 1915||24|
|Francis Aylmer||MAXWELL||Guildown Rd||21st September 1917||46|
|Eustace Lockhart||MAXWELL||Guildown Road||20th July 1916||38|
|Robert William||MELVILLE||17 Bedford Rd||20th September 1918||19|
|Sydney James||MUNDAY||16 Quarry St||18th October 1917||19|
|Arthur Ernest||NEWMAN||54 Addison Rd||10th June 1918||22|
|Frederick William||NEWMAN||54 Addison Rd||21st August 1916||30|
|Frank Richard||NEWMAN||9 Cline Rd||28th July 1918||??|
|Benjamin E F||NEWNHAM||22 Springfield Rd||24th February 1918||19|
|A C O||O CONNOR||nk||nk||nk|
|Alfred Erasmus||OMMANNEY||Castle Hill||7th October 1916||19|
|Frank Edward||PARISH||17 Kings Rd||21st October 1917||26|
|Richard William||PARISH||17 Kings Rd||15th December 1918||30|
|Thomas||PERRY||11 Pannells Terrace||27th October 1916||23|
|Robert||PHILPOT||South Hill||31st March 1918||28|
|Leonard Charles||POOLE||23 Hill Place, Sydenham Rd||2nd July 1916||28|
|Albert John||POPE||27 Cline Rd||22nd February 1917||29|
|George||PRICE||3 Cooper Rd||16th August 1917||32|
|Henry Corner||REYNARD||105 High St||25th September 1915||30|
|Thomas William Victor||RICHARDS||1 Onslow St||14th June 1918||20|
|Walter James||ROSE||nk||27th May 1918||37|
|Charles Ronald||ROWLEY||London Rd||10th July 1916||22|
|Reginald Frederick||ROWLEY||London Rd||21st March 1918||21|
|Albert Henry||SEPPLE||124 Addison Rd||21st October 1915||29|
|Anthony Beau Tracey||SIMPSON||Dene Rd.||6th May 1915||19|
|Henry||SIVER||113 Addison Rd||21st August 1916||51|
|Robert Francis||SMALLEY||Jenner Rd||14th April 1918||41|
|Frederick George||SMITH||Cheselden Rd||22nd August 1918||32|
|George William||SMITH||South St||2nd March 1916||34|
|Alfred James||SPIERS||43 Drummond Rd||30th June 1918||27|
|Reginald Alfred||STENT||57 George Rd||6th October 1917||32|
|Robert Harry||STENT||57 George Rd||15th September 1918||31|
|Richard Kellock||STIRLING||Warren Rd||21st August 1915||22|
|Herbert Drummond Sumner||STOOKS||Epsom Rd||25th April 1917||33|
|Frank Mariner||SUMPSTER||Guildford||21st March 1918||29|
|Derrick||LE POER TRENCH DSO MC||nk||27th August 1917||35|
|Walter James||TUCKWELL||59 Cline Road||25th October 1918||26|
|Charles Henry||VINCE||York Rd||19th July 1917||31|
|Norman Pine||VINCENT||Dene Rd||15th March 1917||20|
|Edgar Lionel||WALDEN||6 Recreation Rd||27th September 1918||21|
|John Christopher||WATSON||Lanesborough, Guildford||26th September 1917||20|
|Ernest||WHITBOURN||22 Castle Street||5th Novemebr 1917||33|
|William Frederick||WITHERS||South Place, Bright Hill||15th July 1916||28|
|Thomas Walter John||WOOLDRIDGE||66 Addison Rd||8th April 1918||28|
|Arthur Charles||WYATT||4 Milkhouse Gate||31st October 1914||31|
|Stuart Cyril||NELHAMS||Guildford||1st July 1916||nk|
|Joseph||TAYLOR||3 Bury Fields||15th December 1916||18|
Major, 1st Bn., Lancashire Fusiliers, killed in action, 11th May 1915. Age 42.
From De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour (see www.ancestry.co.uk)- George was born in Belgaum, Bombay Presidency, India on Tuesday, 2 July 1872 Son of Lt. Col Cadwallader Adams (who fought in the Crimean War and was wounded at Inkerman). George was educated at Wellington College, and entered the Army as 2nd Lieutenant with the Lancashire Fusiliers 25 February 1893, promoted Lieutenant 10 July 1895, Captain 9 October 1899, Adjutant 1st Volunteer Battalion The Lancashire Fusiliers 15 July 1904 ; served in the South African War 1901-1902 (Queen's medal with four clasps). He married Muriel Ada of 3 Rectory Place, Guildford on 12 July 1905. Promoted to Major 30 April 1913. Was present on Beach W, Gallipoli, 24-25th April 1915. On reaching the beach on 25th April the 1st Lancashire's were met by withering fire from the left and centre. The subaltern on George Adams right was killed, as was the sergeant on his left with the wire cutter. George Adams picked up the wire cutter and cut a lane through the enemy barbed wire. As the rifles were clogged through being submerged during the landing, he gave the order to fix bayonets and he and his men charged the Turkish lines and drove the enemy out. His Colonel in Chief recommended him for the Victoria Cross. (De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour). Although two officers and four men from the Battalion were awarded the Victoria Cross for their actions on 25th April (the "six VC's before Breakfast") George was not one of them. From History of Lancashire Fusiliers Vol 1(Maj Gen J C Latter) On 25th April, "D" Company led by Major G. S. Adams landed from HMS Implacable onto the rocks below Hill 114. They scaled the cliffs and drove back the Turks from the outpost on top of the cliff. The position was held until 4th May when the company were moved back to the second line trenches to the rear of PINK FARM. Here the battalion was reorganised into two companies. George Adams was placed in charge of No. 2 Company. On the 5th May the battalion was back in the firing line between East Krithia Road and the Krithia Nullah. They went into attack on the 6th May and No. 2 Company reached a position east of Fir Tree Wood where they dug in. George Adams' Company held this position for three days whilst first the New Zealanders and then the Australians attempted to advance through them. Both failed to go any further than 500 yards beyond the position held by George Adams. Eventually the company was ordered to move their position to support the Australians at the Krithia Nullah. This was a highly dangerous move and was done under cover of darkness. Once with the Australians they took up position in the front-line. Three days later George Adams " a much loved officer" was killed by a stray bullet whilst talking to a fellow officer in a dug-out. The CWGC states his wife's address as Leeze Cottage, Chestnut Avenue, Guildford. Surrey Avertiser Roll of Honour, 28th September 1918 gave adddress simply as Elmcote, Guildford. George is buried Lancashire Landing cemetery Helles, Gallipoli. E. 61.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 206617, 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, died of wounds, 1st May 1918. Age 26.
Born North End, Portsmouth son of Charles and Elizabeth Adams 45 Stockton Road Guildford. Fought with the Queen's at Gallipoli. Died of wounds. The 2/4th Queen's were sent to Gallipoli in 1915 landing at C beach Suvla Bay 8th August 1915. After fierce initial fighting many more men were to die of disease and frost-bite. Of 1000 men who landed only 200 embarked for the journey to Egypt in December 1915. The Queen's saw much fighting in Egypt and Jerusalem. By 1918 the battalion were fighting the Turks, near Jericho. At the end of April they were involved in a battle at Ide Hill, where Walter Facer was killed and it is possible that Roland Adams was wounded at he same time. Roland is buried Jerusalem War Cemetery P. 31Return to Roll of Honour Table
Rifleman Y/1818, 3rd Kings Royal Rifle Corps, died of sickness, 24th September 1918. Age 21.
Son of Benjamin and Alice Attfield 29a Quarry Hill. Born Shalford. Enlisted Shepherds Bush. From Medal Roll Index - Went to France with Kings Royal Rifles on 6/7/1915. Battalion left France for Salonika 5/12/1915. From casualty lists on www.RollofHonour.com, he died of pneumonia(influenza). His battalion as part of the 80th Brigade, 27th Division was involved in the final offensive in Salonika 1-30 September 1918, including the capture of the Roche Noir Salient (1-2 September), the passage of the Vardar river and pursuit to the Strumica valley (22-30 September). This was a major offensive against heavily fortified positions and the British took a lot of casualties. Benjamin is buried Karasouli Mil Cmty Greece D. 853Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 7742, 1st Bn., Bedfordshire Regiment, died of wounds, Friday 5th July 1918. Age 32.
George was the only son of Isaac and Elizabeth Bailey, and was originally from Loughton, Essex (CWGC and 1901 Census).
On 13th July 1918, the Surrey Advertiser reported his death as follows:-
"Pte. G. Bailey, Bedfordshire Regt., only son of Mr. And Mrs. I. Bailey, 95 Addison Road, died of shell wounds in France on July 5th. aged 32. He enlisted in the Bedfords at 18 and was called up on the reserve with the outbreak of war. He fought at Mons, Hill 60, on the Somme and at other well known places, and had escaped wounds and sickness up to the day of his death. In civil life he was a retort fitter at Kingston."
On the 28th June, 1918, the 1st Battalion Bedford's and the rest of the 5th Division, and the 31st Division, had established a front, just east of the Nieppe Forest. The German Spring Offensive had failed to break through to Hazebrouck and the Allies were hoping to prevent any further attempts (www.1914-1918.net).
The Battalion War Diary (National Archives ref WO95/1570) records that they relieved the 1st Bn Cheshire on 1st July and immediately set about improving the trenches and wire. In the next five days, enemy shelling with trench-mortars accounted for 4 Other Ranks killed and 14 wounded. On the 6th July, the Battalion withdrew to Arcade camp for refits, baths and rest.
George Bailey is buried in Aire Communal Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France. Grave Ref. III. H. 6. Aire is about 10 miles from the front-line at Nieppe Forest and in the War a casualty clearing station was based here (CWGC).Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 18539, 2nd/4th York and Lancaster Regiment, died of sickness, 26th February 1919. Age 19.
Son of Charles Henry and Amy Bannister. From service record attested 20/1/1915 at Pontefract age 15 years 6 months. Height was 4ft 9 inches. Weight was 84lbs. His age certified by a letter from Barnes' Industrial School, Heaton Mersey near Manchester giving his date of birth 19th June 1899. He had been at the school 7 ½ years. The school as his "legal Guardian" gave permission for him to enlist as a bands boy. Posted to 2nd battalion York and Lancs in France 5/6/1918, two weeks before his 18th birthday. He was sent back to UK 18/1/1919. Next of kin was his mother Amy, Pannells Terrace, father was dead at this time. Died East Leeds War Hospital of pneumonia. Percy is buried Guildford Stoke cemetery G. 4. 4.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 44757, 7th Bn., London Regiment, died of wounds, 10th August 1918. Age 19.
Son of Alfred and Eliza Batchelor. 38 Castle Street. 1901 Census shows Alfred a coal carter. Died of wounds. 8th August his battalion was in action at Mallard Wood, Somme. In three days of heavy fighting, the battalion casualties were 12 officers and 300 other ranks. In heavy mist the supporting tanks became stuck and caused much confusion. Surrey Ad 17/08/1916 reported his death and said he had been a pupil at Holy Trinity School and worked for Messrs Lascelles Tickner and Co. Anthony's body is buried PERNOIS BRITISH CEMETERY, HALLOY-LES-PERNOIS III. B. 16Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 7th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, killed in action, 14th July 1916. Age 25.
Before War Articled to Messrs. Smallpiece and Co. 138 High Street. Ivan resided in Merrow, and was the son of Frederick Wentworth and Eleanor Catherine Bennett. From MRI commissioned 14/9/14, to France 27/7/15, mother lived 3 Sussex Mansions, St Leonards on sea, Sussex. Full story on www.merrowresidents.org.uk the Merrow war memorial website. The battalion met heavy machine gun and rifle fire and were bombarded by German artillery. Ivan's batman saw him shot in the head 150 yards short of Trones Wood and attended to him until he too was wounded. Ivan is buried THIEPVAL ANGLO-FRENCH CEMETERY, AUTHUILE I. A. 11.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal 2677, 1st Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, killed in action, 25th September 1917. Age 20.
Son of George and Caroline Bonsey. 10 Bright Hill. Went to France 20/12/1914. (MRI) On the day he died the Queens as part of 100th Brigade were defending trenches on the Menin Road near Veldhoek. The Germans attacked these trenches with a massive artillery bombardment which practically wiped out the front-line and followed this with waves of attacks which broke through the British line. Whilst one company held out it was impossible to get reinforcements through because of the barrage. The two front companies lost all their officers and most of their men. The Queens had over 400 casualties of which over 280 were killed or missing. The battle was one of several that made up the Third battle of Ypres, or Passchendaele. Surrey Ad (6/10/17) reported he was given an award for bravery in May 1917 and during much hard fighting had been wounded three times. As a boy he attended St Nicholas School and was subsequently employed at Guildford Park Brickworks. Queen's War Diary details how Cpl Bonsey and Sgt H. Jones carried out useful reconnaissance of German second line, 22/5/1917. Both were awarded the MM, or Bar to MM 24/6/1917. Ernest's name is on TYNE COT MEMORIAL MR30Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private G/3899, 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, killed in action, 9th August 1915.
Husband of Minnie, 7 Tunsgate. From MRI Gallipoli 17/7/15. Killed in action. The battalion landed at "C" Beach, Suvla Bay 8/8/1915and according to "Croydon in the Great War" were in the "thick of things" the following morning. The war diary says that at 6.40am they were ordered to support the 31st Brigade who were in action on the NW slope of Chocolate Hill (Hill 53). This meant crossing open ground under shell and rifle fire and had several casualties. On arrival at Hill 53 they were told to support the 33rd Brigade and join forces with the 6th Dublin Fusiliers. They advanced and occupied an old Turkish trench and then made two attempts to advance 600 yards to Hill 70 but were driven back by shell fire from their own side and the fact that by now all the scrub on the hill was ablaze. By noon the battalion had many casualties, 8 officers and 250 men and had to consolidate their position in the old Turkish trench. James' name is on Helles Memorial MR4Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 1st. Bn., The Black Watch Regiment, killed in action, 18th. November 1917. Age 27.
Son of Hugh Fenwick QC, Wormley. Obituary in Surrey Ad (1/12/1917) - Educated at Marlborough College and New College Oxford. About to be called to the Bar when war broke out. Chose to join regular army and was commissioned into Black Watch Feb 1915. (MRI to France 20/3/16).Wounded in France May 1916, returned to France Aug 1917. Was killed by sniper whilst preparing to lead attack. Mother at Noddings, Wormley. She lent out Hill House, Harvey Road, Guildford, to be used as Convalescent Hospital. Hugh is buried Poelcapelle Brit Cem XII. C. 1Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant PLY/7565 (RMR/A/1072). H.M.S. "Louvain.", Royal Marine Light Infantry, died at sea Sunday, 20th January 1918. Age 46.
Alfred lived at 90 Addison Road (Oakley and Edwin Smith) and was the son of George and Hannah Boxall, Godalming and husband of Mary Boxall, 190 Franciscan Road, Tooting SW17 (CWGC).
The CWGC has the address for his wife Mary as Tooting but in "Guildford in the Great War" Oakley suggests she was at 90 Addison Road.
Before the War, Alfred had already served with the Marines for 21 years. He was awarded the China Medal (without clasp) in 1900 when he served on H.M.S. Terrible and the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal in 1907. Alfred left the Marines 16th July 1913.(from Royal Naval Division Casualties of The Great War, 1914-1924 on-line database, via Ancestry.co.uk)
He re-joined at the beginning of the War and took part in the early land battles such as the Defence of Antwerp in October 1914. He embarked H.M.S. Louvain 17th November 1914 and was mentioned in despatches 23rd May 1917.(from Royal Naval Division Casualties of The Great War, 1914-1924 on-line database, via Ancestry.co.uk)
Alfred was killed when HMS Louvain, an armed boarding steamer, was torpedoed by a German U-boat in the Eastern Mediterranean. The ship sank with heavy loss of life - 7 officers and 217 men (Jane's Fighting ships WW1, and Nat. Archives ADM1/8523/119).
Documents detailing the sinking and subsequent court-martial (National Archives ref ADM1/8523/119), show that HMS Louvain was on voyage from Malta to Mudros and was torpedoed at 9.30pm, on 20th January 1918, whilst passing through the Zea channel (between the islands of Zea, or Kea, and Makro Nisi). The ship sank almost at once, the engine room bulkhead having been burst by the explosion.
In the War Mudros on the Greek island Lemnos was an allied base in the Aegean, fifty miles south-west of the Dardanelles and an important staging post for military actions around Gallipoli.
The court-martial found that the large loss of life was due partly to the explosion itself and partly to the rush for lifeboats, their over-crowding and the lack of supervision in lowering them. Louvain had not been zig-zagging, as she should have been, but as the captain, Montague George Easton and the officer of the watch went down with the ship, no blame could be apportioned.
Up-date 07/02/2011- I have recently been in email correspondence with Thomas Easton, the grandson of the Louvain's captain Montague George Easton. He has kindly sent copies of the photographs below showing HMS Louvain and her Captain. He has anecdotal evidence from his grand-mother than Captain Easton was something of a cavalier character and would have been quite likely to dismiss official advice and instruction regarding which route to take and whether to adopt a zig-zag course. The court-martial did not to pursue this for the reasons above. This was war-time and mistakes and errors of judgement should not be considered in the same way as in modern, peaceful times.
Alfred Boxall is commemorated on the Plymouth Naval Memorial, situated centrally on The Hoe, Plymouth Devon. Panel No. 28.
HMS Louvain copyright image by permission of Thomas Easton 2011
Montague George Easton, Captain of HMS Louvain copyright image by permission of Thomas Easton 2011Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lance-corporal T/206444 2nd/4th . Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.), died of wounds, 7th. August 1918. Age 23.
Son of Francis William and Hannah Jane, Shalford. Brother of Esme. Baptised Holy Trinity 16/4/96. 1901 Census shows Hannah Jane and family at the Bowling Green Restaurant, Castle Grounds. Cecil was 5 yr old. Hannah was confectioner/baker and restaurant owner. From MRI went to Gallipoli 17/8/15. Died of wounds. Surrey Ad (18/8/1917) reported that Mr F.W. Brotherton has six sons all serving in the War. Cecil is said to be with the Queen's in Egypt and was wounded at Suvla Bay. He was formerly with Drummond Brothers. From "Croydon in the Great War" the 2/4th Bn were comprised of men who volunteered to serve overseas. They landed at Suvla Bay August 1915, were withdrawn in December and sent to Egypt. They saw much hard fighting in Egypt and Palestine before being sent to France in June 1918. At the end of the War only eight men of the 1000 who went to Gallipoli remained with the battalion. In the days before he died Cecil's battalion were involved in heavy fighting around the village of Grand Rosoy, near Soissons. Fighting alongside the French infantry and tanks the Queen's came under artillery bombardment and heavy machine gun fire. Cecil died of his wounds and is buried in Bois Guillaume Cemetery France E. 11AReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant 203576 1st Bn. City of London, Royal Fusiliers, killed in action, 16th. August 1917. Age 27.
Son of Francis William and Hannah Jane, Shalford. Resided in Fulham. Formerly 25th Bn. (Cyclists London Regt. ) M.M. Surrey Ad (18/8/1917) reported that Mr F.W. Brotherton has six sons all serving in the War. Esme was formerly with the Land Tax Valuation Dept and private secretary to H. Pike Pease MP. The other brothers included Cecil, Frank an engineer on HM Hospital ship Assaye. Arthur was a l/Cpl in the Pay Corps, Walter a Private in the Lincolnshire Regt at the front and Ernest a driver with the RFA, Hemel Hempstead. The remaining son Sydney was under military age. 1891 and 1901 Censuses show family at the Bowling Green Restaurant, Guildford. Esme was 1 and 11yr old. Esme's name is on Menin Gate, Ypres. Panel 52Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant 13470 Depot Bn, Dorset Regiment, formerley 7th Bn Dragoon Guards, died of sickness, 18th. October 1917. Age 28.
Son of Henry George and Annie, 41 Stoughton Terrace. Resided 4, South Street. From service record, enlisted 7th Dragoon Guards 2/6/09. Before that his trade was a farmer. Embarked Bombay 16/9/14 disembarked Marseilles 13/10/14. Wounded and returned to England 16/12/14. To 3rd Dorset Regt 1/6/15 Paid l/cpl 28/9/17 to 6th Dorset 5/1/16 Cpl 4/7/16 l/sgt 1/11/16 Sgt 13/4/17 Awarded Military Medal 9/7/17 Authy? Posted to depot 27/8/17. Died phthisis 18/10/17 Bermondsey Military Hospital. Charles is buried Brookwood Cemetery XIII. F. 11AReturn to Roll of Honour Table
further research needed
There are no FDS Browne's listed in the CWGC database nor in the Soldiers Died in the Great War database.
Rifleman 3852 4th Bn Rifle Brigade, died 28th August 1915 age 25 years.
Frederick was the first of three brothers to be killed in the War. His two younger brothers, Rowland and Maurice both died on active service in 1918.
Frederick was the son of James, a bell-hanger, and Georgina Brown, of 1 Cline Road. He was baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 3rd June 1892 (Holy Trinity Baptism Records)
In 1901, the Census shows the family resided at 6 Cline Road, James the father was a 'whitesmith'. In addition to Frederick age 11, Rowland age 8 and Maurice age 6, there were two daughters, Edith and Constance, and a fourth son Francis, aged 1.
A whitesmith typically made utensils from tin, especially for dairy use.(Introduction to Occupations, Joyce Culley)
Frederick went to France with the 4th Rifle Brigade 20th December 1914 (Medal Roll Index, Natl. Archives). During April and May 1915, the battalion was involved in fierce fighting during the 2nd Battle of Ypres (Middlebrook, Your Country Needs You).
Under a ceaseless artillery barrage by the Germans the 4th Rifle Brigade helped to hold the front between Ypres and Frezenberg to the east. The battle only came to an end when the Germans finally ran short of shells.
During this period (22nd April to 14th May) the Battalion lost 75% of its men, killed, wounded or missing (Ray Westlake 'British Battalions On The Western Front January to June 1915')
The 4th Rifle Brigade moved to the Armentieres sector at the beginning of June 1915 and commenced tours of the trenches (Westlake).
I have been unable to find out more about Frederick's death on 28th August 1915. However, he is buried 1.5km west of Armentieres, in Desplanque Farm Cemetery, in the village of La Chapelle D'Armentieres. Grave A.6. In the War the farm was close to the front-line, and was used as a dressing station (CWGC).Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 206659 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.) died of wounds, Thursday, 1st August 1918, age 22 years.
Henry Maurice was the third son of James and Georgina Brown, Cline Road. He was baptised at Holy Trinity Church, Guildford, on 25th February 1896 (Holy Trinity Baptism records).
The 1901 Census shows him at 6 Cline Road, age 6 years, with his three brothers, Frederick, Rowland, and Francis, and sisters Edith and Constance (see above).
The Surrey Advertiser, 17th August 1918, carried the following story:
"THREE BROTHERS KILLED - Pte H.M. Brown, 2/4th Queen's, brother of Mrs E. Bagg, 6 Cline Road, has died of wounds in France. He was 22, and a son of Mr. J. Brown, formerly employed by Messrs. Filmer and Mason, and had been serving three years, going to Egypt in 1916. Previously he worked at the Friary Brewery. Mrs. Bagg has now lost three brothers in the war, Pte. F. Brown, Rifle Brigade having fallen three years ago and Pte. R. Brown on May 7th last."
The history of the 2/4th Queen's Regiment is covered in "Croydon in the Great War" by H. Keatley-Moore and provides us with an idea of what the battalion had to contend with during the period that Henry Maurice was with them.
In Egypt and Palestine, the 2/4th Queen's were involved in several key battles, including the first Battle of Gaza, where the Queen's lost 200 men killed or wounded capturing heavily defended Turkish positions.
Much of the fighting was in intense desert heat but when the British reached Jerusalem, in December 1917, the weather changed to freezing rain and bitter cold winds. Still in lightweight clothing the Queen's overcame the cold to drive the Turks out of the hills with fierce fighting, much of it hand-to-hand, using bayonets, fists and anything that came to hand. Over 300 men from the Battalion were killed or wounded.
In June 1918, the Queen's were ordered to France to reinforce the Allied forces, now re-grouping after the German Spring offensive.
Joining the French armies, south of Soissons, the Queen's were soon involved in more fierce fighting and won much praise and respect from their French allies.
The Battalion war diary for the period leading up to Henry Maurice's death (Queen's Museum, Clandon) shows the Battalion were being constantly shelled and were either attacking, or defending counter attacks, in the area south of Soissons around the villages of Oulchy-la-Ville and Grand Rozoy. On the day he died, the diary records:-
"August 1st - The enemy re-opened his gas bombardment in the early hours of the morning. At 4am our barrage began, and at 4.45am our infantry advanced. A line, which was 1000 yards in rear of the Brown line near Hill 189, was taken by 6am. The early morning was misty but cleared later, and the French infantry could be seen passing through our line in perfect order". "There was heavy machine gun fire and the Flamenwerfer was used. The light French tanks prevented our being enfiladed."
Henry Maurice Brown died of wounds, 1st August 1918, and is buried Senlis French National Cemetery, Grave Reference II. D. 75. Senlis, is about 36 miles west of the battlefields around Grand Rozoy, and in the War was a centre for French Hospitals and casualty stations.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private S4/070141, Royal Army Service Corps, died of sickness, Tuesday 7th May 1918.
Rowland was one of three brothers killed in the War (see Henry Maurice BROWN and Frederick James BROWN). In 1901, the Census records him, age 8, living at 6, Cline Road, with father James, a "whitesmith", and brothers Frederick age 11, Maurice age 6 and Francis age 1.
On Saturday, 18th May, The Surrey Advertiser, reports that Pte. R. Brown, A.S.C. (Guildford) "died of sickness".
Unfortunately, there is little information about Rowland's military service. The Army Service Corps, later known as the Royal Army Service Corps, was responsible for the transportation of food, clothing and ammunition to the front-line.
Rowland is commemorated on the Guildford Memorial but is not in the Roll of Honour compiled by Oakley. Intriguingly there is an entry by Oakley for "Pte H. Brown, Mechanical Transport, A.S.C., 7 Walnut Tree Close died of illness Ireland July 1917". Although this is the wrong date and wrong initial to be Rowland, I have searched the CWGC database and can find no H. Brown of the A.S.C., or any other regiment who died in Ireland in 1917. There is only Pte H. Brown, A.S.C., died July 1918 buried Guildford Stoke Cemetery.
Rowland is buried in Belfast City Cemetery, County Antrim, United Kingdom Grave Reference H. 537.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, 60306, 96th Machine Gun Company,formerley 72906 Royal Army Medical Corps, died 3rd December 1917. Age 20.
Son of William and Elizabeth,Chestham Cottages, Chestham Park, Henfield Sussex. From 1911 Census Albert born Chaddesden, Derby. Family resided 17 Woodbridge Road. Father was a horse keeper for a Furniture Removers. Albert was survived by his brother Charles Nicholls Burdock who served with 15th Bn London Regt, and later RGA Coastal Defence,(Charles Service record on www.Ancestry.co.uk) Albert's death was reported in Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918, stating that he was reported missing on 3rd December and was now presumed killed. He enlisted in November 1915 and went to France the following November. He would have been 21 on 21st August. He was apprenticed at Mr. Biddles printing works. His elder brother had been reported missing in March and is also now presumed killed. Two other sons serving. From CWGC and Soldiers died the elder brother is William, Pte 30410, 8th Bn East Surrey Regiment. Killed in action 1st May 1917, commemorated on Ypres memorial and Guildford Memorial but not Holy Trinity. 1911 Census showed him boarding in West Norwood, employed as a Linotype Operator. 96th MGC was part of 32nd Div in France from March 1917. Albert was a bell ringer at Holy Trinity and is also remembered on a plaque in the bell-tower at the church. Tyne Cot Memorial Panel 154 to 159 and 163A
Holy Trinity Bell Ringers Memorial (copyright image by permission of Rod Pierce 2012)
Lieutenant, 2nd Bn Norfolk Regiment, died 14th April 1915. Age 20.
Resided 15 Quarry Street. Son of Lt Col Henry John and Evelyn Mary, St Catherines. London Gazette shows he was made 2nd Lt in August 1913. Also on Harrow School memorial. There is a stained glass window in St Mary's church, Guildford dedicated to him. Killed in action. During April 1915 the 2nd Norfolks were helping to defend Basra from attacks by Turkish and Arab forces. BASRA WAR CEMETERY III. E. 23.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 4543, T/241231,1/5th Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.) died 29th September 1917. Age 22.
Son of John and Elsie 12 Cheselden Road. 1911 Census, family at 12 Chesleden. Father was a cab-driver, John age 16 was a clerk at rate collectors. Surrey Ad. 13/10/1917 reported that John enlisted December 1915 and went out to India. Formerley he attended Holy Trinity Schools and was a member of the choir. He had been employed in the rate collectors office and then clerk to Mr. W. Keller Snow (accountants). His elder brother, Edward was an able seaman. The paper also reports he was killed at the Battle of Ramadie September 28th-29th.The paper referred to the battle as a "most gallant affair". The Ramadie ridge was at the top of a long gentle gradient above the plain. The attacking Queen's battalion was visible to the Turks for 200 yards below the ridge. The Turks opened intense rifle and machine gun fire as soon as the Queen's came into view. The Queen's dug in overnight and resumed the attack the following day and by eight o'clock had seized the ridge and established a bridge-head over the Aziziyah canal. The Turks surrendered 3000 prisoners. Buried BAGHDAD (NORTH GATE) WAR CEMETERY II. L. 3.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 235227/400200 2nd Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, formerly Essex Regt died of wounds Monday, 3rd October 1918. Age 36.
Resided 40 Ludlow Road. Son of Arthur and Elisabeth, husband of Nellie Constance. LA BARAQUE BRITISH CEMETERY, BELLENGLISE Bellenglise Church YardReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Lance-Corporal G/24077. 10th. Bn. The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) killed in action 29th September 1918. Age 25.
Resided 92a High Street. Son of Frank and Amy. Killed in action. Battalion was attacking HILL 60 Fourth Battle of Ypres. Commemorated TYNE COT MEMORIAL Panel 14 to 17 and 162 to 162A.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lance Corporal, L/7747, 1st Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.) died Monday, 14th September 1914. Age 31.
William Cobbett was the son of Mr. W. Cobbett, 39 Addison Road, and worked for the Guildford Post office (Oakley, Guildford and the Great War). He was the first Charlotteville man, to lose his life in the First World War.
He was born in Islington, London, 1885 and joined the army in 1903, at Guildford. William served with the 2nd Queen's in South Africa and Gibraltar (Army Service record, Ancestry.co.uk).
On 29th May 1909, William married Edith Holaship at Stoke Parish church, Guildford. They had two children, Edwin William born 16th January 1910 and Arthur James born 9th October 1911 (Army Service record Ancestry.co.uk).
After eight years service William left the army in December 1910 but was subsequently called-up from the Reserve at the outbreak of War in 1914.
William's Battalion, The 1st Queen's were assembled at Bordon, Hampshire, 4th August 1914, and were one of the first battalions to cross over to France, with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). They left Southampton on SS Braemar Castle on 12th August and arrived at Le Havre the following day. (Battalion War Diary, Queen's Museum, Clandon)
Held in reserve during the Battle of Mons, the 1st Queen's were first called into action during the Retreat from Mons, when they took part in several rear-guard actions, as the British and French armies withdrew southwards. (Military Operations France and Belgium 1914, Brig. Gen. Sir James E. Edmonds, Macmillan 1933).
The weather was extremely hot and interrupted only by torrential rainstorms, which made the long marches very difficult. Constantly on the move and deprived of sleep, the men were totally exhausted, and when ordered to halt could only collapse where they stood.
After 12 days the Germans halted their pursuit, in order to re-group before the planned push towards Paris. However, on 6th September, the French took the opportunity to launch a surprise counter-offensive, later known as the 'First Battle of the Marne'.
By 7.30am, 9th September, the 1st Queens, the advanced guard of the 1st Division, were heading north, once more, and crossed the Marne at Nogent and entrenched on the heights north of the river. Surprised by the vigorous and aggressive advance by the British, the Germans continued to withdraw, many Germans being cut-off and taken prisoner.
Exhausted by the long retreat from Mons and fearing a German trap, the Allies now hesitated, and the Germans were allowed to withdraw to the north banks of the River Aisne.
The Queen's eventually crossed the River Aisne to Moulins,. on 13th September.
Entrenched on the "Chemin des Dames" ridge, the Germans were now in a strong defensive position, which forced the British to attack up-hill.
On 14th September, the 1st Queen's moved to Paissy, on the Chemin des Dames road, and advanced to the front of the wood near La Bovelle Farm, 1/2 mile north east of Cerny. Here 'B' and 'C' Company met serious opposition from rifle and machine gun fire, whilst 'A' and 'D' Company held a front along the edge of the wood. From here they were able to look down on and engage the German reserves in the Ailette Valley below, and to the North. As the German infantry attacked the French to the Battalion's right, the Queen's were able to inflict terrible casualties using their machine gun fire. (Battalion War Diary, Queen's Museum, Clandon).
The situation remained like this for several hours, during which time the Germans made several counter attacks at various points along the entire British line. These were all repulsed and at 3pm the Queen's were ordered to counter-attack the enemy's flank to the right, as they engaged the French infantry.
As the French retreated, the Queens were left facing large numbers of German infantry and to the left of the attack, 'A', 'B' and 'C' company suffered severe casualties and no officers remained. It was left to Lt. Colonel Warren to skilfully extricate the Queen's from their dangerously advanced position, and bring them back to the Chemin des Dames road by 4.30pm.
At the end of the day the 1st Queen's had lost 13 other ranks killed and 88 wounded. 39 other ranks remained missing.
One of these missing men was William Cobbett. He is commemorated on the La Ferte-sous-Jouarre Memorial, along with nearly 4,000 officers and men of the British Expeditionary Force who died between August and the early part of October 1914 and who have no known grave.
William's name is also on the Holy Trinity Church memorial and the Guildford Post Office Memorial (Surrey Advertiser, 12th June 1920).
In August 1915 his widow, Edith and their two children were awarded a weekly pension of 18 shillings and sixpence. William was still reported as "missing". In fact it was not until December 1916 when he was classed as "unofficially reported dead". (Army Service record Ancestry.co.uk).
Edith's address was still 39 Addison Road, although by June 1919 correspondence regarding her husband's medals was addressed to "Mrs. E. Riley, 39 Addison Road" so possibly she re-married. (Army Service record Ancestry.co.uk).Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 242209/67929, 7th Royal Fusiliers, formerley 2/5th The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment)died on 30th October 1917. Age 30.
Son of Walter and Emily Collier, of 27, Springfield Rd., Guildford; husband of Louise Collier, 6 Victoria Square. Killed in action. Surrey Ad 24/11/1917, reported that a Guildford Mother had lost a third son. Pte Albert Edward Collier, 2nd son of Mr and Mrs Walter Collier 30 years old in September. He joined the Queen's nealy two years before and was sent to the Western Front on September 14th. He was born in Guildford and went to Charlotteville school. After which he was in the employ of of Alderman J Baker in the dairy business. Later for a time he was farming at Froyle, Hants. Before joining up he was employed in a smith's shop at Dickinson and Burnes works, Leapale Road and resided Westfield Woking. He was married and his wife is left with four little children 8 years to 15 months. Mrs Collier's other sons killed were Pte Leslie Collier age 22, 18th Hussars on February 28th 1915 and Quartermaster Sgt Walter Collier aged 30 9/8/1915. A fourth son Cpl Reginald Collier has been discharged physically unfit after 2 years 4 months service with the Mechanised Transport Corps.Albert is commemorated TYNE COT MEMORIAL Panel 28 to 30 and 162 to 162A and 163AReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Private 10429, 18th (Queen Mary's Own) Hussars, died on 28th February 1915. Age 22.
Son of Walter and Emily Collier, of 27, Springfield Rd., Guildford. To France 15/8/14 Died of wounds. Brother of Albert (see above) and Walter (see below) 1911 Census family at 27 Springfield Road, Walter was a bricklayer and Leslie an errand boy for a bootmaker. YPRES TOWN CEMETERY EXTENSION I. F. 4Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant 6777, 6th East Lancashire, died on 9th August 1915. Age 30.
Son of Walter and Emily, husband of Elizabeth Collier, of 27, Springfield Rd., Guildford, Surrey. Brother of Albert and Leslie (see above). To Gallipoli 1/8/15. Killed in action. The 6th East Lancs were part of 38th brigade, 13th Division and were sent to Gallipoli to take part in the August Offensive. On the 9/8/1915 the Battalion was ordered to reinforce the New Zealanders who had just captured Chunuk Bair Ridge. Unfortunately the guides became lost in the dark whilst trying to lead the troops through difficult ravines and dry river beds.By daybreak the brigade found itself at the bottom of the hill rather than the top. The recently reinforced Turks launched a counter attack which overwhelmed the British. General Baldwin leading the brigade was killed as was Col A. R Cole Hamilton of the 6th East Lancs. The battalion lost 18 of its 24 officers, killed or wounded. on the same day Walter was killed. He is remembered on Helles Memorial, Gallipoli. Panel 113 to 117.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 1st Bn Hampshire Regiment, died on 7th November 1914. Age 28.
Fourth and youngest son of Lt. Col. and Mrs. H. E. Dolphin, of Oak Lodge, London Rd (1901 Census)Guildford. Born Queenstown, Cork. Gazetted to Hants Regt 24/1/1906 promoted Lt 9/5/07 Accelerated promotion to Capt 23/10/14 Killed in action near Ploegstreet Wood. Web-site www.inmemories.com records he was taking the surrender of some German soldiers when he was shot dead. Buried PLOEGSTEERT CHURCHYARD Grave A 4Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lance-corporal L/8988, 6th Bn The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, died on 3rd July 1916. Age 27.
Son of William Henry Evans of 30 Church Lane Charlton, formerly 24 Cheselden Road and 5 Market St. From his service record John enlisted 02/01/1907 and joined the 2nd Queen's. Previously he had been a bottler at the Friary Brewery. He was stationed in Gibraltar, Bermuda and South Africa before returning to the UK with his battalion, 19/09/1914. He was promoted to l/cpl 23/09/1914. The battalion sailed to Zeebrugge on 05/10/1914 and joined 22nd Bde 7th Div at Bruges. The division then had to withdraw to defend Ypres. Entrenched north-west of Zonnebeke the battalion were to cover any German advance from Menin. From 16th October to 9th November the Battalion were in constant contact with the enemy, occupying positions between Zonnebeke and Gheluvent. On 12/11/1914 John returned to UK for a period of one year and 90 days which included a 4 month period, (03/04/1915 - 12/08/1915) in Connaught Hospital, Aldershot for treatment to shell wound, right arm. His record states he was wounded, shrapnel right leg, 05/11/1915. This date may be a mistake as he was clearly in the UK at this time. Conduct records show he was reprimanded for being improperly attired 22/09/1915, Rochester and for gambling in barrack room, 18/12/1915, Broom Hill. It could be that the actual date he was wounded was 05/11/1914, a week before he returned UK. On this day a shell hit the battalion billets at the Hotel de Ville, Ypres, killing 4 and wounding 20 others. On 10/02/1915 he returned to France and went missing when with the 6th Bn Queen's 03/07/1916. The 6th Bn Queens were part of the 12th Division and were held in reserve on the first day of the Somme, 01/07/1916. The 6th Bn Queens took part in the 2nd attempt to capture the German stronghold at Ovillers. They attacked at 0315 on 03/07/1916. Each platoon advanced on the German trenches and each wave was stopped by machine gun and rifle fire resulting in heavy losses. Buried OVILLERS MILITARY CEMETERY Grave VIII. A. 9.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Signaller 179470, 128th Heavy Bty., Royal Garrison Artillery, died on Saturday, 7th December 1918. Age 21.
Frederick was the son of George and Jane Etheridge, of West Hill, Alresford, Hampshire (CWGC Citation).
The Surrey Advertiser, 14th December 1918, carried the following report:
"Death of Pte. F.C. Etheridge - the death took place in France on December 7th from pneumonia following influenza of Pte F.C. Etheridge RGA, youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. Etheridge, Pound hill, Arlesford, Hants. Pte. Etheridge was 21 years of age and joined up in February last, proceeding to France in September. Previous to joining he was employed at the Recruiting office, at St. Nicholas Hall, and for some time lodged with Mr. R. Lewis 136 Addison Road. Before the war he was a clerk at the Guildford Liberal Association's office. His older brother died of wounds and two other brothers are serving in France."
He is buried in Etaples Military Cemetery, France. Grave Reference XLVII. B. 20.
The area around Etaples was the scene of immense concentrations of Commonwealth reinforcement camps and hospitals. In addition, to the thousands of troops camped among the sand dunes there were eleven general hospitals, one stationary, four Red Cross hospitals and a convalescent depot. The hospitals could deal with 22,000 wounded or sick.(CWGC).
Frederick was one of 20 million victims of a special and virulent form of Influenza, which was to claim more deaths than the War itself. Known as "Spanish Flu", although the origin of the epidemic has never been determined, the virus struck in two waves, the first in mid to late 1918, the second in spring 1919, before it vanished as quickly as it arrived.
The influenza appeared to target young adults more than other age groups. It did not discriminate between rich and poor, military or civilians, nor racial background - India, Africa and the USA all suffered particularly bad outbreaks.
Recent research has attempted to link the outbreak with the vast military build-up at Etaples. Here chickens, pigs and vast numbers of men were all concentrated in a small area, with poor sanitary facilities, providing ideal conditions for the virus to develop into a most deadly form. (Oxford JS, Lambkin R, Sefton A, Daniels R, Elliot A, Brown R, Gill D., Vaccine. 2005 Jan 4;23(7):940-5)
Although the mass movements of troops and civilians certainly helped to spread the disease rapidly and to all continents, it is debatable that Etaples, or the War in general, were to blame for the pandemic.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal 206545, 2nd/4th Bn, The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), died Friday, 26th April 1918. Age 24.
Walter was the son of John and Martha Facer, 44 Cline Road, Guildford. He was baptised at Holy Trinity church, 28th October 1894. The parish records show that his father was then a gardener, residing at 9 Cooper Road.
In 1901, John, Martha and Walter (age 6) were living in Cline Road, with Walter's sister Annie (13) and brother James (11) (1901 Census)
On 21st November 1914, the Surrey Advertiser printed a Roll of Honour, detailing all the Guildford men then serving in the War. The list included W.G. Facer, 5th Queen's.
Walter's battalion, the 2nd/4th, formed in April 1915, when the 2nd/5th (Guildford) merged with the 2nd/4th (Croydon). The Battalion history is graphically detailed in "Croydon in the Great War" by H. Keatley-Moore, on which the following summary is based.
After training at Cambridge and Bedford, they sailed for Gallipoli on 17th July 1915, aboard the Ulysses. (H. Keatley-Moore, Croydon in the Great War).
Landing at 'C' beach, Suvla Bay, 8th August 1915, the Queen's were soon in action. After fierce initial fighting the inevitable stalemate soon developed. Disease, floods and frost-bite, in winter blizzards, took their toll on the Battalion, not to mention those wounded or killed. Such was the devastating effect on the Queen's, that when the British and Anzac forces evacuated the Peninsula in December 1915, of the 1000 men that landed only 200 re-embarked.
Sent direct from Gallipoli to Egypt, the 2nd/4th Queen's were reinforced with large drafts of men sent from England.
In Egypt, the Queens helped build strong redoubts to protect the Suez Canal, and the battalion helped repel the eventual Turkish attack in August 1916.
In 1917, the 2/4th Queen's were involved in the Battles of Gaza, fighting German and Turkish troops in testing desert conditions
Fighting their way through Hebron and Bethlehem the Queen's arrived in Jerusalem on 10th December 1917. The weather had now changed and the Queen's still wearing their desert fighting gear were exposed to torrential rain and freezing temperatures.
The battle for the hills around Jerusalem now followed. The fighting was ferocious, often hand-to-hand, with bayonets and bare fists. However, the Turks were unable to win anything other than local successes. During these battles the Queen's were to lose 14 officers and 315 men, killed and wounded.
During the period January to March 1918, the Battalion had moved north as far as Jericho and spent much time defending the area from Turkish raids and digging trenches and defences.
In April 1918, the Queen's were in position on the Nablus Road at Ide Hill. On the day Walter Facer was killed the Battalion War diary (Queen's Museum, Clandon) reports the action as follows:-
0330 Fusilier Ridge and lower slopes to the west of Ide Hill were attacked
0410 firing had died down and situation appeared normal
0505 garrison at Abu Felah had withdrawn to its day bivouac position on south edge of village when the alarm was given. The platoon moved immediately to battle positions to North of the village and met with opposition from the enemy who had crept into the village.
0545 engagement had become general Abu Felah to Fusilier Ridge
0800 village clear
0845 Ide Hill still under pressure
0920 counter attack not strong enough to clear lower slopes
1125 whole reserve (C company less two platoons) ordered forward to clear front slopes of Ide Hill
1230 original line was regained and securely held. Fighting continued until dark.
The diary does not report how many casualties were suffered.
Walter Facer's death was reported in the Surrey Advertiser 18th May 1918, but no further details were given.
He is buried in the Jerusalem War Cemetery, which is situated at the northern end of the Mount of Olives. Grave reference L. 94.Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, 16th Rifle Brigade died 4th July 1916. Age 26.
Son of Mr. J. F. Finlay, C.S.I. (India.Civil.Service., Retired), and Mrs. M. Finlay, of Alverstoke, Guildford. (Surrey History Centre Archives of Thomas Swayne builder places Alverstoke, on corner of Clandon and Lower Edgeborough Roads. Built for the Finlay family and reckoned the best house the firm ever built.) From de Ruvigny's Roll of Honour Educated at Summerfields, near Oxford. Eton College (King's Scholar), Balliol College, Oxford (Scholar), Hertford and Craven Scholar. 1912 Civil Servant, Home Office. Enlisted Inns of Court OTC April 1915 Commissioned July 1915 to France March 1916. Killed in Action after raid on German trenches near Festubert LOOS MEMORIAL Panel 129Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, 6th Devonshire Regiment died 20th March 1916. Age 24.
Son of the late Mr. J. F. Finlay and of Mrs. L. M. Finlay, of Danesrood, Guildford. From De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour we know he was brother of E. N. A. Finlay. Eric was born 23/10/1891, Simla, India. Educated at Eton and Cambridge and graduated with a Classical Tripos degree in in 1913. He chose to enter the Indian Civil Service in 1914. He was commissioned 26/08/1914 and sent to India to join the 1/6th Devonshire Regiment in Lahore. Went with the battalion to Mesopotamia December 1915 and died Basra Hospital from wounds received in the attack on the Es Sinn position. His Colonel wrote the men would have followed your son anywhere and his loss is irreparable. He was a good athlete an excellent cricketer and golfer. On 08/03/1916 the 1/6th Devons took part in the Battle of Dujaila. 35000 allied troops tried to relieve the siege of Kut. by attempting to capture the Dujaila depression as a prelude to the attack on Es Sinn position. The attempt failed at a cost of 3500 British casualties. The 6th Devon's lost 9 officers and 44 men killed, and 181 men wounded in the fighting. The number of casualties completely over-whelmed the medical facilities. Many wounded men were left out for eleven days before the stretcher-bearers could collect them. The conditions were horrendous, the heat and flies were unbearable and Arab scavengers would rob the dead and wounded. After Eric died several more attempts were made to breakthrough but eventually at the end of April Kut was surrendered to the Turks. 12,500 men were taken prisoner and in the four months, January to April, 23,000 men had been lost trying to in vain to rescue them. Eric died of wounds and is buried BASRA WAR CEMETERY V. F. 8Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant, 2nd/6th Gloucestershire formerly 6th. Cyclist Norfolk died 19th July 1916. Age 22.
Son of George Henry and Elizabeth Mary Fison (Kelly's 1913 - Southcote, Castle Hill). Native of Brandon, Suffolk. Educated Edgeborough, Guildford and Bradfield College, Berks. formerly Cyclist Battalion, Norfolk Regiment.From De Ruvigny's Went to France 24th. May 1916, killed by a shell whilst defending his trench. Commanding officer said he was quite one of the finest young officers I have ever come across, absolutely fearless, while at the same time sensible, with a very decided mind of his own. He was always cheery and had a very great influence on his men AUBERS RIDGE BRITISH CEMETERY, AUBERS. Also on Thetford St Cuthbert's memorialReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant S/772, 11th Bn. The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment died 16th September 1916.Age 39.
Born Banbury, Oxon. 1911 Census shows he was a tobacconist and confectioner working from home 3, Quarry Street. His wife was shown as Ada Annie Ford. Went to France 4/9/15. Killed in action. At this time the battalion was defending Flers from German counter-attacks . Surrey Advertiser Roll of Honour 28/9/1918 gave his address as 3 Quarry Street. THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Pier and Face 5 D and 6 DReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 1st. Bn. Essex Regiment died 28th April 1915 Age 29.
Son of Frederick George and Alice E. Girardot, of The Gables, London Rd Guildford. Left Sandhurst 13/08/1904. Promoted to Lt 22/11/1907 Captain 01/01/1914 (Lon Gaz). Went to Gallipoli 25/4/15 Killed in action. The 1st Essex were one of the first battalions to land at Gallipoli. As part of 88th brigade, 29th Division they were in the first battle of Krithia on 28/04/1915. REDOUBT CEMETERY, HELLES. Sp. Mem. A. 146Return to Roll of Honour Table
Pte T/206042, 8th. Bn. The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) died 7th August 1917 Age 39.
Born East Molesey. 1911 Census family including 3 sons were at 14 Hill Place. Mark was a coal porter. Died of wounds. Surrey Advertiser 18/08/1917 reported that his wife of 14 Hill Place, Guildford, had received a letter saying that he had a nasty wound to the side of head. On 30/07/1917 - 01/08/1917 8th Queens were fighting for Hill 60 near Ypres. In terrible conditions they were involved in heavy fighting. In 3 days they lost 3 officers killed, 9 wounded 32 other ranks killed 156 wounded and 105 men missing. WIMEREUX COMMUNAL CEMETERY II. P. 11AReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Pte 8834 1st Bn. Manchester Regiment died 23rd July 1916
Brother of Mr. W. J. Goodeve, of 53, Ludlow Rd., Guildford.. Went to war 15/8/14. Battalion: in Jullundur, India August 1914. Part of the 8th (Jullundur) Brigade in 3rd (Lahore) Division. This Division left India on 29 August 1914 as part of the Indian Corps and moved to France, landing at Marseilles on 26 September 1914. It served on the Western Front until leaving France on 10 December 1915, whereupon it moved to Mesopotamia, landing at Basra on 8 January 1916. When Harry's brother, Edward Arthur, was killed 21/8/16 with Queens Regt.the Surrey Advertiser 02/09/16 reported his death and went on to state that his brother Pte H Goodeve had written a letter three days before his death saying "I do not feel any too grand in myself" "I think I shall soon die out here if we don't get shifted". All five sons joined the colours when war commenced Herbert and Norman, 1/5th Queens and Navy Harry is buried BASRA WAR CEM VI. A. 5.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Pte 8718 2nd Bn. Manchester Regiment Regiment died 29th October 1914
Born Shalford Son of William and Mary Ann, 16 Bedford Road. Husband to Lilian May nee Goodeve. From service record - Two children Norah and William John born 1908 and 1909 resp. Joined Manchester Regt 13/3/03 Aldershot . To France 15/8/14. Killed in action at Festubert LE TOURET MEMORIAL Panels 34 and 35. Correspondence to his wife was addressed to 20 Ludlow Road (see GOODEVE) Photo on www.ww1cemeteries.com/ww1frenchcemeteries/letouret.htm. Site states he was killed at Battle of La Bassee. Also commemorated in Chertsey Municipal cemReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal 4th Bn Seaforth Highlanders with 1/5th Bn when wounded died 4th August 1918. Age 25.
Son of James and Fanny Gyatt, of 49, Ludlow Rd., Guildford. To France 01/05/15 Died of wounds. Surrey Ad 17/8/1918 reported the death of Guildford Footballer, Corpl Gyatt. It was reported he died from wounds and gas poisoning. He enlisted at the outbreak of war and went to France in 1915. After contracting septic poisoning in his foot he was returned to UK and for two years was a musketry instructor at Ripon. Formerly employed by Messrs Williamsons, Guildford, he played football for Guildford and for his regiment. He had two brothers serving in the army. One, Percy, was a POW in Germany. Perhaps 1/5th (The Sutherland and Caithness) Battalion, part of Seaforth and Cameron Brigade in the Highland Division. Moved to Bedford 2 May 1915, landed in France, 12 May 1915. Formation re-titled to 152nd Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division. Ernest is buried ST. SEVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN Q. III. C. 9Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal S4/186563 Royal Army Service Corps, formerly the Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) died 20th May 1919.
Sent to Gallipoli 9/8/15 (MRI) Buried Guildford Cem New Ground. B. 241Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal G/3940 8th Queen's Royal West Kent died 4th July 1916.
From CWGC, Son of William and Fanny Lawrence-Harding, of 5, South Place, Sydenham Road, Guildford, Surrey. 1911 Census - plumber's mate at 3 Norfolk Cottages, Bright Hill, Guildford. From Soldiers Died Great War, born Tongham, resided Guildford. Died of wounds. Buried Boulogne Eastern Cemetery VIII.C.88Return to Roll of Honour Table
no information found, further research required
further research requiredReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant, Royal Navy H.M.S. Vehement died 2nd August 1918. Age 24
Surrey Advertiser Roll of Honour 28/9/1918 reports he was the son of Colonel and Mrs A.V Hatch, Ennismore Lodge. 1901 Census shows he was a boarder age 6 at school in Tunbridge Wells and was born Dharamsala, India. 1911 Census on board H.M.S. Cumberland. 1st - 2nd August 1918 - H.M.S. Vehement, British, V class Destroyer was part of the 20th Destroyer Flotilla, undertaking a mine laying operation in the Heligoland Bight. The ship was hit by a mine which caused a magazine explosion blowing off her bow. Attempts to tow her failed and her remains were scuttled. Casualties: 1 officer and 47 ratings. George is buried IMMINGHAM (ST. ANDREW) CHURCHYARDReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Captain Indian Medical Service 19th March 1916. Age 32.
Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 listed Robert as the brother of Mrs. Mitchell, Eastgate House, Guildford. From http://www.linleyfh.com/oursecondsite-p/p424.htm (circa 1883 - 19 March 1916) Robert Francis Hebbert was born circa 1883 at India. He was the son of Henry Francis Hebbert and Rosa Frances Dempster. Robert was a medical student in March 1901. He was listed as Catherine Ellman's grandson in the 1901 census at 'Glenthorne', West Rd, Guildford, Surrey. Robert Francis Hebbert married Maisie Westmorland on 24 December 1914 at St Stephen, West Ealing, Middlesex. Very quietly owing to the War, Captain Robert Francis Hebbert, 107th Pioneers, IMS, only son of the late F H Hebbert, Esq., ICS, to Maisie, only daughter of the Arthur Charles Westmorland, Esq., of the Castle, Annetto Bay, Jamaica. Robert died on 19 March 1916 at Basra, Iraq. Capt. Robert Francis Hebbert of the Indian Medical Service. Died of fever 19th March, 1916. Age 32. Son of the late Henry Francis Hebbert, IC.S., and Mrs Hebbert; husband of Maisie Hebbert, of 14, Granville Gardens, Ealing Common, London. Born in India. ; Basra war cemetery Grave V. F.9.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant 206549, 2nd/4th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.) died Sunday, 23rd July 1918. Age 33. Note:- CWGC states J. H. Hibbert died in 1916, not 1918. Clearly a mistake, as newspaper and war diary evidence agree that 1918 is the correct year of death.
Up-date 16/06/2011 I wrote to CWGC and asked them to look at John Hibbert's year of death. After examining the evidence they have now changed the database to read 1918. The inscription on John Hibbert's headstone will be changed next time it needs replacing.
John Hector was the son of George William and Lucy Ann Hibbert, of 18, Addison Rd., Guildford. Parish records show he was baptised at Holy Trinity Church, 18th March 1896, and his father's occupation was a "Polisher".
The Surrey Advertiser, 21st November 1914 printed a Roll of Honour of "Surrey men serving their country" which included J. H. Hibberd, 5th Queen's.
As described earlier (see Walter FACER) the battalion was merged with the 2/4th Queen's from Croydon in April 1915. After suffering terrible casualties through enemy action and disease, in Gallipoli, during summer and autumn 1915, the Battalion was sent to Egypt.
From H. Keatley-Moore's history of the 2/4th Queen's, "Croydon in the Great War", we know that in Egypt and Palestine, the 2/4th Queen's fought bravely in many battles, under desert conditions, against German and Turkish forces.
After fighting their way up through Palestine to Jerusalem and Jericho, the 2/4th Queen's were sent by ship to France in June, 1918. After surviving an enemy torpedo attack the Battalion landed in Italy, before a 7 day train journey to the Western Front.
A period of training and reorganisation followed, before they were ordered to assist the French counter-offensive in the Soissons area, in July 1918.
A first objective of the French counterstroke was the road running between Soissons to the north and Chateau Thierry, which lies 16 miles to the south
The battalion's War Diary (Queen's Museum, Clandon) records the following:-
Under heavy bombardment, the 2/4th Queen's relieved the French Infantry at Parcy-Tigny, 22nd July 1918. Other Allied units were unable to make their objectives, so the attack planned for the morning of the 23rd had to be post-poned. Instead, 'B' Company, under 2nd Lieutenant Lessells, carried out a strong raid, on the village of Hartennes-et-Taux, destroying two enemy machine gun posts and causing the Germans to abandon their positions and weapons in panic.
The Battalion's War diary goes on to claim, that had 'B' Company been better supported, on either flank, they could have captured the village. However, with their flank exposed the Queen's had no option but to withdraw.
Eleven days later the Surrey Advertiser, 3rd August 1918, printed the following story, headlined "Sgt. J.H. Hibbert Killed in France",
"Within the last day or two Mrs. Hibbert, 18 Addison road, Guildford, has received a letter dated July 26th from Second Lieutenant Lessels, who belongs to Guildford and was recently gazetted to the Queen's, informing her that her youngest son, John Hector Hibbert, had been killed in action. The writer states that Sergeant Hibbert who belonged to his company, was killed early in the morning of the 23rd inst., instantaneously by a bullet in the head whilst leading his platoon into action. "Both myself and the whole platoon" he adds "desire to express our sympathy with you in your sad loss, which we appreciate, as he was well liked amongst his comrades, being always of a cheerful and willing nature and always striving to carry out his duties as only a British N.C.O. knows how. By his death I have lost the services of one of my best sergeants and comrades and my own house being in Guildford, we were townspeople and understood each other."
"Sergeant Hibbert was 33 years of age and before enlisting at the outbreak of War was a master cabinet maker and French polisher. He was a single man and served in the Dardanelles and also in Egypt and Palestine. He had been in a convalescent camp in Egypt following malaria and was transferred to France about a month ago. His mother had been expecting him home on leave and news of his death came as a terrible shock. Mrs. Hibbert has two other sons serving, Gnr. G.F. Hibbert, MGC, now in Egypt and Spr. T.J. Hibbert, RE, in Norfolk having been invalided from France."
John Hector is buried in Raperie British Cemetery, Villemontoire, Aisne, France, Grave Reference IA. D. 6. His body was probably brought here from one of the smaller Cemeteries at Parcy-et-Tigny, not long after the War finished.
As a footnote, the Surrey Advertiser 10th August 1918, reported that Second Lieutenant Lessels was killed in action on July 27th. He had been wounded by shrapnel two days earlier. The fragment was extracted and "he carried on until he met his death"
The CWGC records give the date of death as 29th July 1918. He is buried in the same cemetery as John Hector.Return to Roll of Honour Table
possibly Private SD/942 9th Bn., Royal Sussex Regiment, died Friday 15th June 1917. Age 21.
Both the Charlotteville and Holy Trinity Memorial include the name of E. Hill, but so far no link has been found between any E. Hill listed on the CWGC website, or the Soldiers Died in the Great War CD, to Charlotteville. Edward Albert, Royal Sussex Regiment seems the most likely candidate as "Soldiers Died in the Great War" states that he was born in Guildford.
His CWGC citation states he is the son of Mrs. F. Wase, 15 Le Franc Road Worthing (CWGC). Searches of the Holy Trinity Parish Registers and 1901 Census have failed to establish a link. Although the 1901 Census does show an Edward Hill, age 5, born Guildford and living in Frogmarch Ripley. Parents are James (age 41)and Fanny Hill (age 43).
Searches of Marriage certificates on the Internet (FreeBMD) reveal that Fanny Hill married George Wase in the 3rd Quarter of 1915, in the East Preston district, Sussex.
Furthermore searches for the death of James Hill show no candidates at the correct age in Guildford but do show James Hill age 53 date of death 1st Quarter 1913 in East Preston district, Sussex.
If the family were in Ripley in 1901 and Sussex in 1913 and Edward Albert enlisted in Brighton, the link to Charlotteville appears unlikely.Edward is commemorated on the West Tarring Parish Church Memorial, Worthing, Sussex (www.Roll-of-Honour.com) but again no Charlotteville connection is mentioned.
Edward is buried in Mendinghem Military, Poperinge, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Grave Reference: I. E. 3.
Mendinghem, like Dozinghem and Bandaghem, were the popular names given by the troops to groups of casualty clearing stations posted to this area.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 5213, 13th Kensington Bn., London Regiment, died Thursday 14 December 1916. Age 32.
Frank was the son of Alfred and Olive Hill, of Cooper Rd., Guildford. He was born 13th September 1884 and baptised at Holy Trinity church on 7th November 1894. His father, Alfred, was a house painter. The 1901 Census shows the family at 16, Cooper Road, when Frank was 19 and working as a postman.
The 13th Kensington Battalion was part of the 168th Infantry Brigade, 56th (1st London) Division. The Brigade comprised territorials, from the London area and was formed, in France, in February 1916. The 56th Division fought its first battle on the first day of the Somme in 1916, when they sustained heavy casualties, whilst taking the first two lines of trenches at Gommecourt.
Life in the 13th Battalion, 'Kensingtons', is vividly detailed in a book by J.F. Tucker, "Johnny Get Your Gun" (Kimber, 1978).
Tucker's book mentions large drafts of men joining the Battalion in 1915, after they were decimated by casualties at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle and Aubers Ridge and again in early 1916, when the Brigade was re-organised in preparation for the Somme Offensive.
Heavy casualties during 1916, led to more men being drafted in from other regiments.
Frank Hill possibly joined the Battalion between the end of 1915 and Autumn 1916, either direct from England or transferred from another unit.
The Battalion remained on the Somme until 9th October 1916, and after several days re-organisation, were sent by train, to the Laventie area.
In contrast to the Somme, this sector was relatively quiet and any act of aggression, by either side, was met at once by retaliation, so there was little point in initiating such a move.
However, occasional shelling and sniper fire still accounted for many men, one man was killed and several injured when a shell fell on a ration party bringing food and ammunition to the front (Tucker).
Tucker's account also mentions that whilst on the Laventie front, the Battalion formed a section of 'scouts' to unsettle the Germans. These scouts would penetrate enemy lines and create what havoc they could.
He goes on to describe one unsuccessful bombing raid, where he helped to bring in two wounded men from the snow covered no-man's land. One man subsequently died of his wounds.
Frank is buried in Laventie Military Cemetery, La Gorgue, Nord, France, Grave Reference III. D. 22.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sapper 145032, 476th Field Coy., Royal Engineers died Thursday, 24th October 1918.
John Richard Hooper was the son of Mrs. E. Hooper, of 34, Addison Road.(CWGC) The 1901 Census shows John R. age 5, living in 36, Eagle Road, Stoke, Guildford. His father John was recorded as a carepenter/joiner, married to Eliza. John R. had two sisters Ellen (16) and Victoria (9 months)and a brother William (14).
The Company's war diary (WO95/3046) reports that on 23rd October the 476th Field company moved to St. Aubert, four miles east of Cambrai. Allied offensives in late September had broken through the Siegfried Line and by mid October were attacking the German second line of defence, known in this sector as the Hermann Line.
John's field company were making footbridges across the rivers to assist the attacking infantry.
On the 23rd October sections 1 and 3, of 476th Field Coy. were assigned to the 2/7th and 2/6th Royal Warwickshire Regiment respectively, at Montrecourt Wood, north-east of St. Aubert.
Zero Hour was on the 24th October and at 9.30 a messenger brought the news that Lieutenant Rose had been wounded but three bridges had been fixed. Total casualties for the day totalled 1 officer, 3 N.C.O.'s and 8 O.R.'s wounded. Five bridges were completed.
By 10.40, all the footbridges had been recaptured by the enemy.
John Hooper is buried in Awoingt British Cemetery. Grave reference, I. C. 24
Awoingt is a village, 2 miles, east-south-east, of Cambrai, where several Casualty Clearing Stations were posted. The great majority of the burials in the cemetery were made from these hospitals.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 201847, 2nd/4th Bn., Dorsetshire Regiment, died of wounds Tuesday, 9th. April 1918. Age 31.
William resided in Weymouth, Dorset but was born in Stoke, Guildford (Soldiers Died in the Great War). The 1901 Census shows two William Hooper's of about the correct age in Guildford, but only one in Stoke district. William Hooper in Stoke is recorded in the same household as his brother John R. Hooper which would explain his inclusion on the Charlotteville memorial.
The 2nd/4th Dorsetshire Regiment formed in Dorchester in September 1914 and sailed for India in December same year. In August 1917 they left India for Egypt and by the end of the year had been attached to 234th Brigade, 75th Division.
In March 1918 the division was involved in the Battle of Tell'Asur and 9th - 11th April 1918 the Action of Berukin. Possibly William was injured in this second battle.
William Hooper is buried in Ramleh Cemetery, Israel. Grave Reference T. 36
The other William Hooper in Guildford 1901 Census (age 10) is most likely Private 4063, 1st/5th Bn., the Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment. Died 21st June 1916. Age 25. He enlisted in Guildford, but was resident in Haslemere (Soldiers Died Great War).
The Surrey Advertiser, 2nd September 1916, reports, that:-
"Pte W. Hooper (D Coy Queen's) died of cholera June 21st. Home is Lion Lane, Shottermill"
Note, Shottermill is very close to Haslemere.
He is buried in Basra, Iraq.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 16939, 104th Coy., Machine Gun Corps (Inf) died Sunday, 10th September 1916. Age 20.
Ernest was the son of James and Sarah Jelley, of "Bexton," Weston Rd., Guildford, and resided at 67 Addison Road.
He was baptised at Holy Trinity, 31st May 1896, his parents James and Sarah gave their address as Addison Road, and his father's occupation as "gas stoker".
The Surrey Advertiser, 23rd September 1916, listed "killed, Pte. E. Jelley M.G.C. (Guildford)."
In the same edition, the paper carried the following story, under Local casualties.
"A Most Courageous Soldier - Pte. Ernest Jelley, Machine Gun Corps, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Jelley of 67, Addison road, Guildford, has been killed in action. A letter from his sergeant states that he lost his life just as a German trench was captured. He was wounded and thinking his injury was slight, his corporal called out "Come on, Ern" but he just managed to gasp "I am going" and expired. Private Jelley, who was twenty years of age, was an expert gunner and joined the Army on September 9th, 1914, being killed on the second anniversary of his enlistment, and on his brother's birthday. Prior to the War he was employed by the Guildford Gas Company. His commanding officer has written to his parents that he was a most courageous soldier and devoted to his duty, while his sergeant states that he felt he had lost a brother. Pte. Jelley was an old Charlotteville school-boy and went through the Battle of Loos uninjured."
The Machine Gun Corps was created by Royal Warrant on October 14th, 1915, followed by an Army Order on 22nd October.
From Ernest's Medal Roll Index card (National Archives WO372) we know he went to France on 1st May 1915 as a Private soldier 10524, with the Royal Sussex Regiment.
Most Machine Gun Companies took their number from the Infantry Brigade to which they were attached. 104th MG Company joined 104th Brigade, 35th Division, in April 1916. One famous member of the same Brigade was Bernard Montgomery, "Monty", the great British military leader in the Second World War.
Other battalions in the 104th Brigade, were 17th Lancashire Fusiliers, 18th Lancashire Fusiliers, 20th Lancashire Fusiliers and 23rd Manchesters. There is no battalion from the Royal Sussex regiment in the 104th Infantry brigade or the 35th Division.
Formed in 1915 and ordered to France in early 1916, the 35th. was a Bantam division, so the infantrymen were below the normal minimum height of 5ft 3 inches, but officially above 5 ft. Some men shorter than this did manage to get accepted. When in the trenches the Bantams needed an extra sand-bag on the fire step, but, unsurprisingly, suffered fewer head wounds than their normal height counterparts.
Much of their fighting was on the Somme, where they performed admirably, particularly in the Delville Wood area.
The War diary for the 17/20 Lancs Fusiliers for the September 1916 (National Archives WO/95/2484) indicates the 104th Brigade were in the trenches just to the south-east of Arras. On the 9th September the 17/20th Lancs Fusiliers relieved the 18th Battalion and on the 10th sent out patrols under cover of darkness to harass and disperse German working parties.
Ernest is remembered on the Arras Memorial, France. Panel Number: Bay 10.
The Memorial commemorates almost 35,000 casualties of the British, New Zealand and South African Forces who died between Spring 1916 and 7th August 1918, excluding casualties of the Battle of Cambrai in 1917, and who have no known grave.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sapper 23922 56th Field Coy. Royal Engineers, died 12th March 1915 Age 24
Son of James and Ellen Johnson, of 1, Hill Place, Guildford, Surrey. Born at Newnham, Daventry, Northants. LA CLYTTE MILITARY CEMETERY I. D. 7Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private L/9817, 2nd Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt.) died Friday, 30th October 1914
Alfred Kemp was the son of Mrs. Kemp, 95, Cline Road. The St. Luke's parish register records the baptism of his son, George, on 8th. January 1912, when Alfred and his wife Alice resided at 59 Addison Road. His occupation was given as "soldier". Before the War he moved to Merrow and is also remembered on the Merrow War Memorial.
The Surrey Advertiser, 19th December 1914, reported his death as follows:-
"Private Kemp aged 22 lived at Holmesdale Cottages, Merrow and leaves a widow and one little child. His widowed mother lives at 95 Cline Road, Guildford. According to the official notification from the War Office received on December 10th he was killed in action on November 30th. He came with the 2nd Battalion from South Africa."
The 2nd Queen's were part of the 7th Division, who joined the British Expeditionary Force, at Ypres on 14th October 1914. The 7th Division were originally positioned to the east of Ypres, but as the 1st Battle of Ypres progressed they were moved south of the Menin Road. By 26th October the Division were defending the ground in front of Herentage Wood, until increasingly heavy attacks by the German 6th Army, forced them to withdraw to positions between Herentage Wood and Sanctuary Wood, a few miles south-east of Ypres.
By 27th October, the Germans were reinforced, by a further 6 divisions, and massive infantry attacks and heavy shellfire forced the 7th Division back into the woods. The woods provided good cover and the British rifleman's rapid fire technique convinced the Germans that they were facing a mass of machine guns.
Despite continuous and heavy attacks the British line held firm and the Germans failed to breakthrough.
Alfred's body was never recovered and he is remembered on the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres. Panel 11 - 13 and 14. The Menin Gate Memorial .commemorates those who died in the Salient before 16 August 1917, and now bears the names of more than 54,000 officers and men whose graves are not known.
Up-date 31/01/2010 - I have recently heard from a nephew of Alfred, who after the death of his own father in the late 1930's, resided with Alfred's brother Frederick at 54 Cline Road. He was able to inform me that Alfred was one of six sons and one daughter, of George William and Sarah Kemp. He also recollected that George William had spent some time in South Africa.
From 1901 Census George and Sarah Kemp lived in Burpham Cottage, Worplesdon, with Alfred then aged 7. Sarah and their first child, daughter Annie, were both born Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. George William and all of his sons were born in Surrey or Aldershot.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 37118 1st Bn The Queen's(Royal West Surrey) Regiment, died 4th February 1917 Age 36
Husband of Mary A. Kimber, of 1, Norfolk Cottages, Bright Hill, Guildford. Killed in action. Battalion were in trenches near Peronne in Road Wood, south of Bouchavesnes and north-east of Clery. Area shelled in retaliation for earlier British bombardment. 1 OR killed 2 OR's wounded. PERONNE COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION V. P. 12Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 9981, 4th Bn., Worcestershire Regiment, died Friday, 6th August 1915. Age 23.
Albert Lansley was the eldest son of William and Jane Lansley of 15 Hill Place, Guildford. He was born in Guildford 13th September 1891.
Hill Place was later demolished and replaced by Bright Hill Car-park.
The 1901 Census, shows the family residing at 54 Addison Road. In addition to Albert there were three girls, Gertrude, Linda and Violet. William Lansley's occupation was "Bricklayer Labourer".
The 4th Worcestershire Battalion were part of the 88th Infantry brigade, 29th Division. The 29th Division formed in early 1915 and comprised the last eleven battalions of regular troops, returned from the Far-East, together with one battalion of territorial troops from Edinburgh. The division was the last of Britain's regular army, so the decision to send it to Gallipoli, rather than the Western Front, was not popular.
The Division took part in the opposed landings on Helles beach on 25th April 1915. There followed three major battles, 28th April, 6th-8th May and 4th June, which pushed the Turks back, towards the town of Krithia. After 4th June, Allied advances were met with fierce Turkish resistance and no further progress was made. By this time British and Commonwealth forces had lost 40,000 men.
As stalemate developed the Allies opened up a new front at Suvla Bay, on the night of 6/7th August. Coincidentally the day that Albert was killed. The Suvla Bay front also resulted in stalemate trench warfare, and the troops were evacuated four months later.
Troops on the Helles front, including the 29th Division, were evacuated in January and February 1916, and sent to the Western Front to take part in the First Day of the Battle of the Somme, on 1st July.
Albert was killed in action in Gallipoli and his body never recovered. He is commemorated on the Helles Memorial, Turkey. Panel 104 to 113.
The memorial stands on the tip of the Gallipoli Peninsula and bears the names of some 21000 men, from all over the World, who fell on the Peninsula and who have no known grave.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Signaller 51224, 4th Bn Bedfordshire Regiment, died 27th September 1918 Age 19
Son of the late John Law and of Ellen Law, of 13, Cheselden Rd., Guildford. Killed in action. 27 /9/18 Battalion was involved in The Battles for the Hindenburg Line - the Battle of the Canal du Nord. They commenced operations at 5.20 a.m. and crossed Canal du Nord capturing their objective in the Hindenburg Support Line to Sunken road. 1 officer killed and 7 wounded. 12 Other Ranks killed and 61 wounded. John Henry is commemorated on VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL Panel 4 and 5Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant-Colonel, 1st Bn Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, died 14th September 1914 Age 46
Fifth and youngest son of Sampson Samuel and Marie Wilhelmine Lloyd, of Guildford, Surrey. Samuel became chairman Lloyds Bank in 1869. Walter went to Eton, and rowed in the crew of 1886 for the Ladies' Plate at Henley. (www.britishrowing.org). A veteran of the South African War 1901-1902, Walter reached the rank of Major when the battalion left Tournay Barracks, Aldershot on 12 August, 1914, and sailed on the SS Agapenor from Southampton next day. The Battalion went from Le Havre via train and road and reached Givry on 23 August. The British Expeditionary Force was now in retreat, and falling back, the Battalion arrived at Bernay on 5 September. The Marne was crossed at Nogent on 9 September.(http://www.hellfire-corner.demon.co.uk/Westlake22.htm).Their commanding officer, Lt Col G.C. Knight was mortally wounded on 10th September and the battalion were now under the command of Major (Acting Lieutenant Colonel) W.R.LLoyd.(http://battlefields1418.50megs.com) On 14th September, the Loyals went into action at Troyon - where heavy fighting was going on at a factory. "The position was reached", notes the Battalion records, "the factory was carried and held; but the enemy was in great strength and counter-attacked heavily...." With ammunition beginning to run out, the Loyals were forced to withdraw. Their casualties numbering some fourteen officers and more than five hundred other ranks. (http://www.hellfire-corner.demon.co.uk/Westlake22.htm) Walter is commemorated on the LA FERTE-SOUS-JOUARRE MEMORIALReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Captain 9th Bn Lancashire Fusiliers, died 22nd August1915 Age 27
Son of Col. F. R. Lowth, C.B., and Mrs. Lowth, of Clarence House, 8, Granville Rd., Eastbourne. .(Surrey Advertiser 28/9/18 listed brother John Leslie as son of Colonel and Mrs Lowth, Netherwood, Guildford. Possibly Netherwood House, Epsom Road)1911 Census army officer, Folkestone, Kent. Promoted to Capt 5th June 1915 HELLES MEMORIAL Panel 58 to 72 or 218 to 219.Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant 12th/13th Bn Northumberland Fus, died 4th October 1917 Age 27
Son of Col. F. R. Lowth, C.B., and Mrs. Lowth, of Clarence House, 8, Granville Rd., Eastbourne. (Surrey Advertiser 28/9/18 listed John Leslie as son of Colonel and Mrs Lowth, Netherwood, Guildford. Possibly Netherwood House, Epsom Road) 1911 Census bank clerk, Kensington, London. Went to France August 1916 (MRI).Surrey Ad 20/10/1917 reported that he was killed leading an attack on a German Pill Box. He was born Ireland, educated Bedford School and worked for a bank in India. TYNE COT MEMORIAL Panel 19 to 23 and 162Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 1st Sect. 4th Div. Ammunition Col Royal Army Medical Corps attached Att Guards D A C , died 15th March 1918 Age 44
MRI went to France 27/1/17, brother of Miss E Levick 203 Romford Road, Forest Gate. From List of Cambridge War Dead P Levick, Jesus College, Accidentally killed on active service 21 March 1918. The British Medical Journal 30/3/18 reported that he was accidentally killed in France when his horse slipped and fell, throwing him under a motor lorry. He was educated at King's College Hospital and at Cambridge where he graduated MA in 1895 and M.M. and B.C. in 1898. He was house surgeon at King's College Hospital before going into practice in Guildford, where he was honorary medical officer of the Royal Surrey County Hospital. From 1911 Census, age 37 he resided Oatlands, Epsom Road. Surrey Advertiser23/3/1918 briefly mentions his death and on 30/3/1918 a letter from a colleague at the hospital refers to a memorial cot in his name. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 listed him as residing Stoke Lodge, London Road. ANZIN-ST. AUBIN BRITISH CEMETERY IV. A. 11Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 10th Bn Canadian Infantry (Alberta Regiment), died 31st July 1915 Age 24
Son of Ellen Carter Lunn, of "East Dene," Nightingale Rd., Guildford and the late Edward Langridge Lunn. From Service Record, Gasoline Engineer, enlisted Canada 22/9/14 at Valcartier, Quebec Battalion trained on Salisbury Plain, and went into the trenches in France in early 1915. From war diary, wounded 25th July in trenches near Hill 63 Stangy, Northern France.BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION (NORD) I. C. 77Return to Roll of Honour Table
Brigadier General, General Staff commanding 27th (Lowland) Infantry Brigade, 9th (Scottish) Division(seconday regt 18th King George's Own Lancers formerly with 12th Bn Middlesex Regiment), died 21st September 1917 Age 47
Son of Thomas Maxwell, M.D., and Violet Sophia Maxwell; husband of Charlotte Alice Hamilton Maxwell. Guildown Road. Born Guildford born 7th September 1871. He was gazetted to the Royal Sussex Regiment on 24 November 1893; joined the Indian Staff Corps on the 15th December 1893, and served in Waziristan in 1895 (Medal with clasp), and in Chitral 1895 (Medal and clasp); on the North-West Frontier as ADC to the GOC Tirah Expeditionary Force from the 23rd December 1897 to 1898; was mentioned in Despatches; was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 20 May, 1898] At the age of 28 he was awarded Victoria Cross for the following heroism. On 31 March 1900 at Sanna's Post (aka Korn Spruit), South Africa. Lieutenant Maxwell was one of three Officers not belonging to "Q" Battery, Royal Horse Artillery, specially mentioned by Lord Roberts as having shown the greatest gallantry, and disregard of danger, in carrying out the self-imposed duty of saving the guns of that Battery during the affair at Korn Spruit on 31st March, 1900. He went out on five different occasions and assisted, to bring in two guns and three limbers, one of which he, Captain Humphreys, and some Gunners, dragged in by hand. He also went out with Captain Humphreys and Lieutenant Stirling to try to get the last gun in, and remained there till the attempt was abandoned. Lieutenant Maxwell became Captain, Indian Army, 10 July, 1901. On the 28th November 1902, he was given the appointment of ADC to Lord Kitchener, Commander in-Chief. East Indies. In 1903 he went to the Staff College, Camberley, and in 1906 married Charlotte Alice Hamilton, third daughter of P H Osborne of Currandooley, New South Wales, and they had two daughters. He attained his Majority in the Indian Army 7 November 1909; served as Brigade Major from the 7th November 1900 to the 3rd March 1910, and as Major, Australian Commonwealth Military Forces from the 4th March 1910. From the 23rd December 1910 until 1916, he was Military Secretary to Lord Hardinge, Governor-General of India. He was created a CSI in 1911 and became Brevet Lieutenant Colonel 29 November 1915. In the European War he commanded the 12th Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment from June to October 1916 and on the 25th November 1916, he was awarded a bar to the Distinguished Service Order Whilst carrying out a reconnaissance in no-man's land on 21st September 1917, in company with his brigade major and a captain of the Scottish Rifles, he was shot by a sniper, dying in the arms of his batman. He is also commemorated in St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh He is buried in YPRES RESERVOIR CEMETERY I. A. 37.Return to Roll of Honour Table
no information discovered.
Further research requiredReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant Colonel, 11th King Edward's Own Lancers (Probyn's Horse),commander of the 23rd (Pals) Battalion, Manchester Regiment, died 20th July 1916. Age 38.
From www.haileybury.com "brother of F. A. Maxwell VC". 1881 Census shows family at West Hill House, Guildown. Eustace aged 3, was one of ten children. Francis A, was 9 years old, (see above) From www.thepeerage.com married Christian Leckie Orr Ewing, daughter of Hugh Moody Robertson Orr Ewing and Helen Margaret Robertson, on 12 July 1905. He died in 1916, killed in action. He gained the rank of Major in the service of the 11th Bengal Lancers. A history of the Regiment was published in 1941 by Captain E.L. Maxwell 'A history of the XI King Edward's Own Lancers (Probyn's Horse) by Capt E L Maxwell. (Pub: A.C. Curtis Ltd. Guildford 1941). Surrey Advertiser 27th March 2008 A CHANDELIER presented to St Mary's Church in Guildford by Muslim soldiers was the centrepiece of a patronal festival service to mark Candlemas, illuminated this year by a glorious blaze of candlelight. It was re-dedicated at the service by the rector, Canon Robert Cotton. The inscription on the chandelier relates its interesting origins: To the memory of Violet Sophia Maxwell, mother of their Squadron Commander, this candelabrum was given by the Indian Officers and Men of the Mohammedan Squadron XI King Edward's Own Lancers (PROBYN'S HORSE) 1914. The Maxwells are a distinguished military family who have lived in or near Guildford since 1871, when Thomas Maxwell, retired surgeon major in the Indian Army, brought his young wife and family to live in West Hill House, Guildown Road. It is his wife, Violet, who is commemorated by the chandelier, and also by other furnishings in St Mary's. Violet Maxwell, born in 1837, was the daughter of the Rev Lawrence Lockhart, minister of the parish of Inchinnan, just outside Glasgow. While she was growing up there she would have met Sir Walter Scott, whose daughter Sophia was married to Violet's uncle, J.B. Lockhart, Scott's friend and biographer. Violet was married to Thomas Maxwell in 1860. The couple went out to India, where Violet produced her first four children, before Thomas retired from the Indian Army medical service in 1868 and came back to England. They settled in Guildford where they developed a wide circle of friends. Violet gave birth to another seven children, the last five of them being born in Guildford, making an impressive count of 11 children in 18 years. There were seven sons and four daughters. Five of the sons entered the army, and served with distinction, but sadly four of them fell in the First World War. Their names and ranks have been added to their parents' grave in the Mount Cemetery. After over 30 years at West Hill House, the Maxwells moved down the road to Guildown Grange. It was here that Thomas died in 1908 at the age of 84. Violet subsequently left Guildford and went back to India to live with her youngest son, Eustace, who was the squadron commander of the 11th Bengal Lancers (later 11th King Edward's Own Lancers), or Probyn's Horse, as it was generally called. The chandelier is testimony to the way in which this motherly woman must have touched the hearts of the Indian officers and men in her son's regiment. ... Violet Maxwell was back again in Guildford by the beginning of 1914 for it was here that she died. Only two and a half years later, her son Major Eustace Maxwell, who had enlisted in the British Army at the outbreak of war, fell on the Somme, aged 28. He had become commander of the 23rd (Pals) Battalion, Manchester Regiment, a bantam regiment for men between the height of five foot and five foot three. He is commemorated in France at Neuve-la-Chapelle, in a cemetery reserved for members of the Indian Army who died fighting in Europe. Interestingly, his regiment is recorded by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission as 11th King Edward's Own Lancers (Probyn's Horse), although that regiment did not actually take part in fighting on the Western Front. Commemorated NEUVE-CHAPELLE MEMORIALReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Private S/24679, 9th Bn. Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), died 20th September 1918. Age 19.
Son of William R. and Emily Melville, of 17, Bedford Rd., Guildford, Surrey. Born at Tring, Herts. Died of wounds. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 reported that he was the only son of Mr and Mrs Melville and was gassed on September 4th. He died in hospital in Boulogne as a result of being very badly gassed and double pneumonia set in. The matron said he was very brave all through but his strength gave out in the end. He was a ringer of Holy Trinity church and bells there were rung half-muffled on Wednesday as a tribute. TERLINCTHUN BRITISH CEMETERY, WIMILLE V. A. 8.
Holy Trinity Bell Ringers Memorial (copyright image by permission of Rod Pierce 2012)
Private G/86243, 12th Bn. Middlesex Regiment, died 18th October 1917. Age 19
Son of Albert and Elizabeth Ann Munday, of 16, Quarry St., Guildford, Surrey. Born Sunningdale, Berks Formerly 10499, R.F.C TYNE COT MEMORIAL Panel 113 to 115Return to Roll of Honour Table
Air Mechanic 2nd Class 407942, died Monday 10th June 1918. Age 22.
Arthur Newman (copyright image by permission of Nigel and Val Crompton 2011)
Arthur Newman was the son of Charles and Annie Newman, of 52, Addison Rd., Guildford. The 1901 Census records the family residing at 81 Addison Road. In addition to Arthur age 5, there were three other boys, Cecil, age 17, a baker, Frederick age 14, a garden boy, and Harry age 10. There were also four sisters Grace, Daisy, Edith and Dorothy. Charles Newman was a "Jobbing Gardener".
The Surrey Advertiser, 28th August 1915, reported that Private 3293 A.E. Newman 2/4th Queen's had been wounded at the Dardanelles. It printed a copy of the letter received by his parent's.
"Wounded in the Leg - Pte Arthur Newman, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Newman, 52 Addison Road, Guildford, in a letter received on Sunday, says:- "I have been wounded in the right leg just above the knee. The best of things was we only landed on Sunday night late and by Monday dinner time I had been wounded". Describing what things were like, he wrote:" They say it was hell in France, but it is worse out here'. His was the first company in the battalion and the regiment was the first in the division to go to the trenches." There are a lot of our chaps with me I have lost everything I have, even my right trouser leg!" It also appears from the letter that the battalion lost one man on the outward voyage through a fall. Before the war Pte Newman was employed in the bicycle workshops of the Halford Cycle Company in the High Street Guildford. Mr and Mrs Newman have five sons* and two son-in-laws in the services. Their sons are Corpl. Cecil Newman who is with the Army Veterinary Corps; Corpl. Fredk. Newman, RFA;Tpr. Harry Newman 3rd Dragoons and Pte. Arthur Newman who is 20 years of age of the 2/4th Queen's. One of the sons in law is in the Royal Engineers and the other at the Dardanelles."
*(I think this is an error, and should read three sons and two sons in law, five in total)
Arthur's brother, Harry Newman, 3rd Dragoon's (copyright image by permission of Nigel and Val Crompton 2011)
Another letter, from Pte Brown of Merrow, published in the same paper gave a vivid description of the same action.
"There were shrapnel and bullets all over the place. What with our aeroplanes dropping bombs and warships firing the din was awful. You have no idea what it is like. A lot of the Queen's were hit before they had a chance to defend themselves. The Turkish snipers are fine shots. They paint themselves the colour of the landscape. We caught one who turned out to be a woman. She had 50 identity discs, which meant she had accounted for 50 of our chaps. There are about 20-30 Queen's in this hospital, which consists of little huts of four beds in each."
Arthur's brother, Frederick, was killed almost exactly one year later, 28th August 1916 in France. In the newspaper report of his death, Surrey Advertiser 2nd September 1916, it mentions that his brother, Arthur Newman, "still suffers from the effects of a wound sustained twelve months ago in the Dardanelles".
Arthur died in the City of London Hospital, Victoria Park, London, nearly 2 years later. He is buried in Guildford, Stoke Old Cemetery, Grave G. 372.
Sergeant 90340, "C" Bty. 109th Bde., Royal Field Artillery, died Monday 21st August 1916. Age 30.
Frederick Newman is on the right of picture. His father, Charles is seated. Frederick's brother, Cecil, is standing on left (copyright image by permission of Nigel and Val Crompton 2011)
Frederick was the son of Charles and Anne Newman, 52 Addison Road and the husband of Mrs. Frederick Newman, of 5, Keens Buildings, The Mount, Guildford.
He is the brother of Arthur Newman, also commemorated on the Charlotteville Memorial.
The 1901 Census shows him, age 14, living with the rest of the family, at 81 Addison Road. His occupation was "garden boy domestic", and his father, Charles, was a "jobbing gardener".
Frederick was the second eldest boy, his older brother, Cecil, 17, was a baker, and he had two younger brothers, Harry, age 10, and Arthur, then 5. There were also four sisters, Grace, Daisy, Edith and Dorothy.
In August, 1915, his brother Arthur was injured at the Dardenelles, and the Surrey Advertiser, 28th August, published a letter sent, by Arthur, to his parents. At the end of the article there is a mention that Cecil, Harry and Frederick were all serving. Cecil, a corporal with the Army Veterinary Corps, Harry a trooper, in the 3rd Dragoons and Frederick a corporal in the RFA.
Twelve months after the letter was published Frederick was killed on the Somme, and the Surrey Advertiser, 2nd September 1916, printed the following:-
"Farrier-Sergt. Frederick William Newman of the RFA, whose wife and two children reside at the Mount, Guildford, has been killed. The second son of Mr and Mrs C. Newman, of 52, Addison Road, Sergt. Newman was 30 years of age and joined the Army at the outbreak of the War. A letter from an officer states that he was badly wounded by a bomb dropped from a hostile aeroplane when he was working at his forge in the artillery lines. He was taken to the dressing station where he called out for his wife to make him a cup of tea and then expired. Prior to the War Sergt Newman was employed for 12 years by Mr. May of Guildford. One of his brothers Farrier-Sergt. Cecil Newman is in the A.V.C., another Trooper Harry Newman is with the 3rd Dragoons; and yet another, Pte Arthur Newman still suffers from the effects of a wound sustained twelve months ago in the Dardanelles."
The War Diary for 109 Brigade Royal Artillery (PRO Ref WO95/2198) refers only briefly to the incident, describing the 21st August as a "fairly quiet day", mentioning that "an aeroplane bombed wagon line. 1 killed, 6 wounded". The brigade were positioned at Bois des Tailles, due south of Meaulte and some miles from the front-line. The wood was used as a training camp and troops often bivouacked here before moving up to the front.
Frederick is buried in Meaulte Military Cemetery, Somme, France. Grave reference E. 28. Meaulte was some distance from the front, and was used as a base for hospitals, headquarters and for civilians.
Up-date 25/07/2010 I have received an email from Frederick's grand-daughter, Val, who recently visited Frederick's grave and kindly sent me some photographs.
Frederick Newman's entry in the cemetery register, Meaulte Military Cemetery, 2010
Frederick Newman's Grave, Meaulte Military Cemetery, 2010
Private 46262, 23rd (Tyneside Scottish) Bn., Northumberland Fusiliers, died on Sunday 28th July 1918.
Richard was the son of Mrs Newman of 9, Cline Road, Guildford.
The Surrey Advertiser, 27th April 1918, listed him as missing in action, and the same paper on 1st. June confirmed him as a Prisoner of War.
On the 16th November 1918, the Surrey Advertiser reported his death, as follows:-
"Mrs. Newman, 8 Cline Road, Charlotteville, has received news that her son Pte. Richard F. Newman, Northumberland Fusiliers has died in Germany while a prisoner of war. It was sent by a fellow prisoner, a London Rifleman, who stated that her son died after a week's painful illness. Pte. Newman was taken prisoner in the German advance in March last. He had been in France close upon two years. Formerly he was in the employ of Messrs. Fogwill coal merchants and he leaves a widow and two children, who are now living at Haslemere."
Richard is buried in Cologne Southern Cemetery, Germany. Grave XIII. F. 6.
There are over 2000 Allied servicemen buried in the cemetery, many having been brought here from other cemeteries, in other parts of Germany, at the end of the War.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, 29744,1st. Bn Grenadier Guards, died 24th February 1918 Age 19
Son of B. and Grace Newnham, of 22, Springfield Rd., Guildford. In 1911 Census family at 30 Stoke Road, father Benjamin is a Breaksman for LSW Railway Co. and Benjamin age 12 is listed as Fenner Newnham, schoolboy and newsboy.LEVEL CROSSING CEMETERY, FAMPOUX II. B. 22Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain,1st. Bn Norfolk Regiment, died 25th. July 1916 aged 24
Son of Col A P O'Connor CB No link to Guildford other than Medal Roll Index address is c/o London and County Westminster Bank Guildford. further research needed. Educated Wellington School and Trinity College Cambridge. Joined army 1913, Lt 19/8/1914, capt May 1915, wounded batlle Aisne, awarded MC 3/6/1916. . Father, Arthur Patrick Royal Army Medical Corps died 1920, age 63 Son of Charles Andrew and Catherine Arabella O'Connor (nee Smyth); husband of Alice O'Connor, of 23, Burnham Court, Queen's Rd., Bayswater, London. Buried Teddington. www.findagrave.com Inscription: Col. Arthur Patrick O'Connor C.B. F.R.C.S.I. A.M.S. Who Grave His Life For His Country Born Aug 9th 1857 Died 25th Jan 1920 And Of His Only Son Capt. Arthur Cathal O'Connor, M.C.The Norfolk Regt.Born Sept.28th 1891. Killed in Action on The Somme July 27th 1916. From Great War Forum Capt.Arthur Cathal O'Connor,M.C., 1st Bn Norfolk Regt, KIA 27/7/16. M.C., L.G. 3/6/16 page 5576, no citation. However I have a copy of the original presentation speech, dated 22/1/17, signed by Col T.Birchallwood, Asst.Adj.Gen., Aldershot Command, which states: During a German attack,after a heavy bombardment and the explosion of three large mines, Captain O'Connor was buried up to his armpits in one of the mine explosions. He extricated himself and dug for nine hours until he had rescued four buried men, all of whom he got out alive, although one died subsequently. Arthur is commemorated on Pier and Face 1 C and 1 THIEPVAL MEMORIALReturn to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, 3rd Bn. attd. 6th Bn. The Buffs (East Kent Regiment) , died 7th October 1916 Age 19
From Medal Roll, father Rev. E.A. Ommanney, Branscombe, Castle Hill, Guildford. Sent to France 8th July 1916.. From www.Roll of Honour - born 5th March 1897, only son of Rev. Erasmus Austin Ommaney, Vicar of St.Nicholas, Guildford. He was at Charterhouse [W] 1911 - 1915. He was commissioned into The Buffs (East Kent Regiment), joined 3rdBn. and was later attached to 6thBn. From De Ruvigny's Roll Of Honour, www.ancestry.co.uk, he was killed in action near Guedecourt on 7th October 1916 during attack on German trenches. A private in his platoon wrote " I saw Mr Ommanney making for the ridge; he had just shot a German officer with his revolver. I then saw him run back and fetch a Lewis gun, the gunners being all killed; he asked for someone to help him. I being nearest went with him. We advanced about 150 yards when Mr Ommanney was hit and fell into a shell hole. I went to his assistance but he became unconscious and died in a few minutes. He was buried on the battlefield. He was grandson of Admiral Sir Erasmus Ommanney who discovered the first traces of the Franklin expedition to the Arctic, 1850. THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Pier and Face 5 DReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Private, 265673, 7th Bn The Queen's (Royal West Surrey) Regiment , died 21st October 1917 Age 26
Son of Louisa Caroline Parish, of 17, King's Rd., Guildford, and the late Reuben John Parish. Died of wounds. Son of Louisa Caroline Parish, of 17, King's Rd., Guildford, and the late Reuben John Parish. Died of wounds. From War Diary Battalion went into trenches in Poelcapelle on 20th October, as part of the 18th Div front line. During this operation they were heavily shelled between Minty and Bulow Farms and C Company suffered many casualties. NEW IRISH FARM CEMETERY X. D. 17.NEW IRISH FARM CEMETERY X. D. 17.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal, T2/017236, Royal Army Service Corps, Horse Transport attached 96th Labour Company, died 15th December 1918 Age 30
Son of Reuben John and Louisa Caroline Parish, of Maybury, 17, King's Rd., Guildford. Medal Roll 2(B) Balkans 25/11/1915 Surrey Ad 3/11/1917 reported Frank's death and stated that William,ASC, was in hospital in Salonica. MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, KALAMARIA 1147Return to Roll of Honour Table
Leading Stoker, K.13454. (Po,)Royal Navy H.M.S. Amazon, died 27th October 1916. Age 23
Son of Mary Ann and the late Robert James Perry, of 11, Pannell's Terrace, Guildford. Royal Navy War Graves Roll, from Ancestry.co.uk, states he was born 25th Aug 1892. 1911 Census age 18, 11 Pannells Terrace, shop porter for House Furnishers Killed in action at Battle of Dover Straits. 45 British killed, 4 wounded 10 captured when German large torpedo boats attacked British destroyers. Thomas is buried St James Cemetery, Copt Hill, Dover, Kent Grave Ref L.W. 7Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sapper, 144777, Royal Engineers 5th Field Coy, died 31st March 1918 Age 28
Son of William Radcliff Philpot and A. A. Philpot (1911 Census Alice Agnes), of "White Haven", South Hill, Guildford, Surrey.POZIERES MEMORIAL Panel 10 to 13Return to Roll of Honour Table
Corporal, G/5921, 6th Bn The Queen's(Royal West Surrey)Regiment, died 2nd July 1916 Age 28
Son of Mrs. Annie Elizabeth Poole, of The Cabin, Castle St., East Cowes, Isle of Wight. Born Ampfield, Hants Resided Harrow Weald Middx. 1901 was living in Worplesdon. 1911 Census a Gardener at West Hall gardens Byfleet. Surrey Avertiser 28/9/1918 lists him as residing at 23 Hill Place, Sydenham Road. Sent to France 27/11/15. Medal Roll Index and Soldiers Died database both suggest he was killed in action on 3rd July 1916. The 6th Bn attacked German trenches at Ovillers on 3rd July, first day of the Battle of the Somme. The battalion was mown down by machine gun fire and encountered much un-cut wire. 294 other ranks were killed, missing or wounded. Leonard was one of 117 missing. THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Pier and Face 5 D and 6 DReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Private, G/62784, 7th Bn., Royal Fusiliers, died Thursday, 22nd February 1917. Age 29.
Formerly Private 5267 5th Bn Queen's killed in action, enlisted and was resident in Canterbury (Soldiers Died in the Great War).
Albert Pope was the son of Charles Henry and Mary Ann Pope, of 27, Cline Rd., Guildford. He was baptised at Holy Trinity Church on 26th August 1890, at which time his parents address was 6 Warsley Farm, Cline Road.
In 1901, the family were living at 27 Cline Road. In addition to his father, Charles, who was a house painter, there were four boys, Charles, aged 16, George, 14, Albert, 12, and William, 6. There were also three sisters, May, 11, Florence, 9 and Louisa, 4.
The 7th Battalion Royal Fusiliers were part of the 63rd Royal Naval Division. The division was formed to accommodate the Royal Marine and Royal Naval reservists, who were needed far more in the trenches than at sea, in what was predominantly a land war.
In 1916, the Royal Naval Division was ordered to the Western Front and re-organised into three brigades, two brigades were comprised solely of Royal Naval battalions, whilst the third, the 190th was formed entirely from army battalions, and included the 7th Bn Royal Fusiliers.
The Division's first battles on the Western Front were in the closing stages of the Battle of the Somme, when they took part in the capture of Beaucourt-Sur-Ancre, 13th November 1916. A memorial to the Division now stands in this village.
By February 1917, the 7th Battalion Royal Fusiliers were still positioned in the Beaucourt sector. The Battalion's War Diary (WO95/3119) records the following sequence of events:-
10th-13th February - Beaucourt Trench and Suvla Trench under heavy bombardment by gas shells
15th February - to billets in Martinsaart. Heavy rain and the roads flooded.
19th February - new drafts received from East Surrey Regiment and the Queen's
20th February - raining hard, proceeded to line to take over from 2nd Battalion R.M.L.I. Hamel at 5.15pm, relief difficult because of heavy mud. Men wearing gum boots. 'A' Coy left flank, 'B' Coy Pensive(?) Trench, 'C' Coy Sunken Road, 'D' Coy Old Shell-hole Line. BHQ in Puisieux Trench.
22nd/23rd February - Several casualties due to heavy shelling during the night
24th February - everything suspiciously quiet
In fact, the Germans had withdrawn 23rd/24th.
Albert is buried in Ancre British Cemetery, Beaumont-Hamel. Grave VI. A. 19.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 25993, 7th Bn, Somerset Light Infantry, died Thursday 16th August 1917. Age 32
The CWGC citation states that George was the son of George Price, 3, Cooper Road, Guildford and husband of Susan Ann James (formerly Susan Ann Price) of Blackwood, Newport, Monmouthshire. Soldiers Died in Great War states he enlisted in Bath, Somerset.
In 1901, the Census showed George (senior) a furniture packer, at 3 Cooper Road with wife, Mary. They were born in Herefordshire and Worcestershire respectively. They had a daughter, Cristina, age 27, a nurse domestic, and two sons, George, age 15, an errand boy, and Charles W. age 12.
George married Susan Anne Townsend, daughter of William Richard Townsend, at Holy Trinity Church, 3rd August 1909. His occupation then, was "Upholsterer".
In November 1911, George and Susan Anne had their daughter, Christine May, baptised at St. Lukes Church. They were then living at 37 Cline Road. (St. Luke's Baptism Registers)
Up-date 09/02/2011- The history of George's battalion in World War I is detailed in a book by Brendon Moorhouse, "Forged by Fire - the Battle Tactics and Soldiers of a WW1 Battalion", Spellmount 2003. There is a copy in the reading room at the Imperial War museum, London. The account mentions George's death in some detail.
"In Bath, the seven year old daughter of a former furniture packer, Private George Price, waited eagerly for the post on her birthday. When none arrived she asked her mother "I wonder why Dad hasn't sent a birthday card" The answer came in the later post with a letter from Lt Spark. The brave fellow met his death in an attack on enemy trenches from a shell. He died almost instantly and suffered no pain. He is buried in the village he helped to capture and a cross marks his grave. The Regiment has lost a good soldier. George Price left three younger children."
The 7th Somerset Light Infantry took part in the Battle of Langemarck, beginning early in the morning of 14/8/1917. They were issued with ammunition, flares and bombs at Magenta farm. At 7pm a 5.9" shell landed amonst a group of 30 men, killing eight and injuring 18. The remaining men continued on to the front-line where they waited on the west bank of the Steenbeek, upto their knees in water, until nightfall.
As night fell on 15th August the Royal engineers bridged the stream and company by company the battalion crossed the river, under sporadic shell-fire and occasional machine gun and rifle fire. At dawn on 16th August the British artillery began a barrage which was met by a counter barrage from the German side. As the Somerset's stormed the Au Bon Gite many were cut-down by machine gun fire, despite the cover of smoke bombs. Struggling across boggy ground full of shell holes the men sank up to their knees in the mud. By the end of the battle the division as a whole had taken 400 prisoners, captured 30 machine guns and a battery of four 4.2 inch howitzers and a 7.7cm field gun. George's battalion lost 44 men killed and 226 injured.
George Price has no known grave and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, near Ypres, Belgium. Panel 41 to 42 and 163a.
The memorial bears the names of nearly 35,000 men who have no known grave and fell in the Ypres Salient, between 15th August 1917 and the end of the War.
George's younger brother, Lance-Cpl C.W. Price was in the Machine gun section attached to the Royal Fusiliers. The Surrey Advertiser, 14th July 1917, reported that C.W. Price, youngest son of Mr. G. Price, 3, Cooper Road, was awarded the Military Medal for brave and cool conduct in the field during the advance on July 7th. He was slightly wounded but recovered after 2-3 days in hospital.
C.W. Price joined up on 8th April, 1916 and went to the front on 23rd August 1916. Before the War he was a French Polisher by trade.
The article does not mention his brother, George.Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, "D" Coy. 1st. Bn North Staffordshire, died 25th September 1915. Age 30
Son of Rosaline Reynard, of The Cottage, 5, Smitham Downs Rd., Purley, Surrey, and the late Joseph Louis Adolphe Reynard. In 1891 Census family had a confectionery business in Guildford High Street. From research by Clive Gilbert, www.epsomandewellhistoryexplorer.org.uk, we know he was in the Territorials before the war and went to France 26th October 1914 with 28th Bn London Regt. Henry applied for a commission as 2nd Lieutenant. 14 Aug 1915 and was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant Staffordshire Regt. On 25 September 1915, the first day of the battle of Loos, Henry was killed in action, one of 16 officers from the Staffordshire regiment to die that day. There was some confusion as to how he died and The War Office sought witness statements to confirm the circumstances of his death. The first from a l. cpl in his platoon who reported ". I saw him shot through both knees on the parapet of the German first line trenches. He was unable to move. We went on and he was left behind. We did not retire back and the ground on which we left him is still in our possession. We have never heard of him since" and the other from a private in his platoon who said " He led his platoon in the charge but was shot in the stomach very soon after we started. I saw him drop. He gave a groan and then stretched right out. I was sure he died immediately. We had to charge on and left him lying there" . Loos Memorial, Panel 103 to 105, and on the All Saints Memorial, West EwellReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Lance-Sergeant 18570, 1st. Bn Dorsetshire Regiment, died 14th June 1918. Age 20
Son of Mr. S. W. and Mrs. R. Richards, of 1, Onslow St., Guildford. 1911 Census shows the family at 3 Grantley Terrace, Sydenham Road, father Samuel William Richards was a lady and gents tailor. Thomas was killed in action. BERLES NEW MILITARY CEMETERY III. B. 10Return to Roll of Honour Table
Rifleman, 318260, 5th London Regiment (London Rifle Brigade), died 27th May 1918. Age 37
1911 Census shows Walter James born 1882, Ongar residing 84 Stoke Road, Guildford, working as a Printer's Traveller. CWGC states son of Thomas Edward Rose, of High St., Chipping Ongar, Essex. Soldiers Died says, 9th London Regt. COLOGNE SOUTHERN CEMETERY VIII. C.4 Also on Loughton War Memorial, Essex. Could also be William Rose, Private L/10710, 2nd Bn Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment) born Guildford, killed in action 25th September 1915. Surrey Advertiser lists him as 1st Queen's and residing 11 Gardener Road. 1911 Census shows full name William Ewart Gladstone Rose age 16 errand boy at 11 Gardener Road. Commemorated LOOS MEMORIAL Panel 13 - 15. Both these men are on the Guildford memorial.Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, 9th Bn. attached 1st Bn. Lancashire Fusiliers, died 10th July 1916. Age 22
Son of the late Sir George C. E. Rowley, 3rd Bart., and of Lady Rowley, O.B.E., formerly of Eastfield Lodge, now of Aldersey Cottage, London Rd., Guildford. born on 25 July 1893. He was the son of Lt.-Col. Sir George Charles Erskine Rowley. Educated at Wellington College, Berks. Surrey Advertiser 27th April 1918 reported the death of his brother Reginald Frederick Rowley mentioning that Sir George was vice-president of the Guildford Red Cross Society. THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Pier and Face 3 C and 3 DReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant, 462nd Bty Royal Field Artillery, died 21st March 1918. Age 21
Son of the late Lt. Col. Sir George Charles Erskine Rowley, 3rd Bart., and of Lady Rowley, of Aldersey Cottage, London Rd., Guildford. born on 15 August 1896. Killed in action. 462nd Battery was covering 107th and 108th Infantry Brigade of the 36th Ulster Division in the Somme area. The German offensive began on the 21st March 1918 and the batteries of the Division were heavily bombarded by high explosive and phosgene shells (History of Ulster Division http://www.freewebs.com/denbob/ulsterdiv1918.htm) Surrey Advertiser, 27/4/1918 reported his death under the headline LT. ROWLEY'S HEROIC DEATH - Remained at his post to the end. The report was based on a letter from the officer commanding his battery which stated that on the morning of the attack a devastating bombardment was opened at 4.45 and all communication was cut with 15 minutes. Despite the violent bombardment, blown in trenches and poor visibility Lt Rowley stuck to his post. Urged by other F.O.O.'s (forward observation officers) to fall back Lt Rowley as the most senior refused to go and made every effort to re-establish communication. At 11.15 after seven hours of intense bombardment parties of German infantry appeared out of the fog 30 yards in front of his position. Seeing nothing further could be done Lt Rowley gave the order to withdraw. As the trench leading back had been filled in by shell fire they had 20 yards of open ground to cover. Lt Rowley was last to leave the observation post and was shot by a sniper almost immediately. Another officer and a man went back to him but he was dead the bullet having past through near the spine. Lt Rowley was 21 and the youngest son of Sir George and Lady Rowley. He went to the front originally on November 3rd 1915 and was attached to the RHA (Royal Horse Artillery) until December 1917 and after that with the RFA (Royal Field Artillery). He was wounded on July 19th 1916 nine days after his brother was killed and returned to the front in June 1917. The report also mentioned that Sir George's eldest son was badly gassed and wounded and was serving in the UK. Reginald is buried in GRAND-SERAUCOURT BRITISH CEMETERY IX. A. 5Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 8574, 1st Bn., Leicestershire Regiment, died Thursday, 21st October 1915. Age 34.
Albert was the son of Charles and Mary Sepple. The 1901 Census shows Charles and Mary Seppel, or "Szepel", residing at 124 Addison Road, with two sons, Charles(16) and Herman(5), and four daughters. Albert, who would have been aged 20, is not recorded as living here.
Charles and Mary Sepple were both born in Germany and were German subjects. Charles' occupation was given as "Tailor".
Albert Sepple married Hannah Louisa Roden, 23rd January 1915, at Holy Trinity, Guildford. The marriage certificate describes Albert "Seppel" as a resident of Cosham, and serving in the 2nd Battalion Leicestershire Regiment. The certificate also confirms Albert's father as Charles John Seppel, tailor.
Both the 1st and 2nd Battalions, Leicestershire Regiment spent the first months of 1915 in the trenches south of Armentieres. In March the 1st battalion moved northwards towards Ypres to support the 27th Division, whilst the 2nd remained to fight at the Battle of Neuve Chappelle.
It is not known when Albert was wounded, but he died in Norfolk War Hospital, Thorpe St. Andrew, Norfolk, 21st October 1915. He is buried in Guildford Cemetery,The Mount grave number 4897.
Hannah Sepple went on to marry an Australian Machine Gunner, William Windreas, 28th May 1917, at Holy Trinity, Guildford. After the War she settled in Queensland, Australia.
Note: CWGC gives Albert's age as 29, yet his marriage certificate suggests he was 34.
Albert Sepple's Grave, Guildford Cemetery, The Mount - 2008
Albert Sepple's Grave located under the tree - 2008
2nd. Lieutenant, 2nd Bn. Duke of Wellington (West Riding Regiment), died 6th May 1915. Age 19
1901 Census Anthony B T Simpson age 5, son of James and Emily Simpson, residing Farnborough, Hants. James was a physician surgeon. In 1911 Census James was living with his uncle in Bedford and his mother Emily was a widow living Hazeldene, Dene Road , Guildford. From Wisden Obits, www.cricinfo.com it was reported killed May 5, 1915, aged 19. Bedford Grammar School XI, 1913. A left handed medium-pace bowler, he took 32 wickets with an average of 12.31. Anthony is also commemorated on Bedford St Andrews memorial. On 5th May 1915 2nd Bn were defending Hill 60, near Ypres, when the Germans attacked it after releaing chlorine gas on both flanks of the hill. YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL Panel 20Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant CH/2147, Pensioner H.M.S. "Ebro", Royal Marine Light Infantry, died Monday, 21st August 1916. Age 51.
Henry was the son of William Siver; and husband of Sarah Siver, of 113, Addison Rd., Guildford.
From "Royal Naval Division Casualties of the Great War" (an on-line database via Ancestry.co.uk) we know Henry was born 16th August 1863, St. George's London. He received his Royal Navy Long Service and Good Conduct Medal 6th December 1891 and completed his service in December, 1902.
At the outbreak of war he joined the Royal Naval Division, a division created to strengthen the Army with Marines and sailors. Henry was in Chatham battalion and took part in the Defence of Antwerp, October 1914. He transferred to H.M.S. Ebro 12th April 1915 where he served until his death from disease in 1916.
HMS Ebro was an armed merchant cruiser, part of the Navy's 10th Cruiser Squadron. The Squadron was formed entirely of merchant ships, and included all sizes of vessels, from liners to trawlers, and they were used to enforce the blockade of Germany. Most of the time HMS Ebro operated off the coast of Norway, although occasionally was called to operate between Scotland and Iceland.
HMS Ebro was not in action at the time of Henry's death.
The following report appeared in the Surrey Advertiser, 2nd September 1916:-
"Died at Sea - Siver, Sgt. H. RMLI (Guildford)"
later in the same issue
" An intimation has been received by Mrs. Siver of 113 Addison Road, Guildford, of the death of her husband Henry Siver, RMLI. The late Sgt. Siver had a long record of service. He was with his unit for 21 years and was afterwards a pensioner for 10 years, rejoining the Navy on August 4th 1914. He had a Long Service Medal and on taking up his pension was for some years a War Office clerk in Edinburgh. He came to Guildford 4 years ago and was employed by Messrs. May and Jacobs."
Henry was buried at sea, and is commemorated on the Chatham Memorial, Panel 18, along with 8,000 other sailors, all with no grave, having been lost at sea.
Chatham Naval Memorial, Kent 2010
Henry Siver, Panel 18, Chatham Naval Memorial 2010
Lieutenant, 4th Bn. South Staffordshire Regiment, died 14th April 1918 Age 41
Son of Henry and Emmeline Matilda Smalley of 5 Waterden Crescent, Guildford. 1881 Census, Tunbridge Wells, Henry Major Royal Engineers. 1901 Census Robert was living in Paddington. No record in 1911 Census, mother Emmeline in Jenner Raod. London Gazette 18th March 1919 reporting his will and testament gave his address as Thurnby, Jenner Road. Kelly's 1913 shows Mrs H. Smalley at Thurnby, Jenner road. Also commemorated on Christ Church Oxford memorial. PLOEGSTEERT MEMORIAL Panel 6Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private G/53894 19th Bn (London) Middlesex Regiment formerly Private 5952 2nd/5th Bn The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regiment), died 22nd August 1918. Age 32
Son of the late William Smith, of Guildford; husband of Lily Elizabeth Smith, of 14, Cheselden Rd., Guildford, Surrey. 1911 Census he was a fishmongers assistant living at 1 Grantley Terrace, Sydenham Road. MRI - initially Private in Queen's before posted to Middlesex Regiment. Surrey Ad 27/10/1917 reported that Frederick had been wounded in the neck and head during the fighting in France. He was hospitalized in Sheffield. Before the War he was employed by Messrs. Colebrook and Co., High St. and joined up 1st June 1916. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 reported that he had a little son age 5 and was originally with the 2nd/5th Queen's. In March 1917 he was invalided home with dysentery and returned to the front in August 1917. In October 1917 he was wounded in the neck by shrapnel and returned to the London Regiment on Easter Day 1918. He was educated at Charlotteville school. A member of the Congregational Church he had been employed by Messr's Colebrook for 14 years before the War. His brother, Private W. Smith, was serving with the Labour Corps and a brother in law, Gunner E. Reed, R.F.A. died of wounds, March 1916 in Mesopotamia. Frederick was killed in action. VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL Panel 8-9.
E. Reed is possibly Edwin Reed, Gunner 4675, 19th Battery Royal field Artillery died of wounds 9th March 1916 and commemorated on the Basra Memorial Panels 3 and 60. Soldiers Died Great War states he was born Woking and enlisted London.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant 6616, 7th Bn Border Regiment, died 2nd March 1916. Age 34
Son of Harriet and the late George Charles Smith; husband of the late Emily Smith. Served in the South African Campaign. Native of Guildford, Surrey. MRI sent to France 24/7/1915, Harriet at 19 South St. DICKEBUSCH NEW MILITARY CEMETERY H.25Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, G/22198, 6th Bn The Queens (Royal West Surrey) Regiment, died 30th June 1918. Age 27.
From Soldiers Died, born Moorsend, Bucks, resided Waltham Lawrence, Berks. Enlisted Guildford. killed in Action. 1901 Census age 10 Waltham St Lawrence. 1911 Census residing 20 Brodie Road, Guildford and working as a gardener age 21.From Battalion war diary, 30th June the 37th infantry brigade, including the 6th Queen's took part in an attack on Bouzincourt Ridge. The Queens lost 3 officers killed and 28 other ranks killed, 8 missing and 190 wounded. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 reported that Mrs Spiers formerly of 43 Drummond Road but now residing Waltham St. Lawrence, Berks. Has received an intimation that her husband Pte Alfred James Spiers reported missing about 3 months ago was killed in action 30th June. He was 27 years of age and was formerly employed as a gardener by Mr and Mrs J.F. Finlay Clandon Road. He leaves behind a daughter aged 2 ½ years old. Alfred is buried BOUZINCOURT RIDGE CEMETERY, ALBERT I. E. 11Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, G/13670 , 2nd Bn Middlesex Regiment, died 6th October 1917. Age 32.
Son Mr AJ and Mrs. LK Stent, Southwark. 1891 Census family at 57 George Road Guildford. 1901 in Newington, London. Died of wounds. Service Record - Attested 16/7/1915, Bricklayers Arms Old Kent Road. Age 29 yrs 6 months. Trade Fitter's Mate. Born Guildford Hospital, admitted Chatham Hospital with fractured left leg, 16/7/1916 to 8/9/1916. BEF France 19/10/1916 Died of wounds received in action. CCS no 53. Uncles Walter and James resided Guildford. Reginald is buried BAILLEUL COMMUNAL CEMETERY EXTENSION (NORD) III. E. 119Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, G/13669 , 19th Bn Middlesex Regiment, died 15th September 1918. Age 31.
Son Mr AJ and Mrs. LK Stent, 25, Skipton St Southwark, buried Aldershot.1891 Census family at 57 George Road. 1901 in Newington, London MRI/Service Record discharged due to sickness TB of lung. Service record states born Guildford, resided 26 Dorchester Street, New North Road, Islington. Attested 16/7/1915 Bricklayers Arms, Old Kent Road Age 28 Engineers Fitter before the War. BEF france 1/5/1915 to 4/1/1917. Received Silver War Badge 8/5/1917. Then resided 115 Camberry Ave Highbury. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 reported his death was due to "gas poisoning". Robert is buried in ALDERSHOT CIVIL CEMETERY N. 264Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant, 5th Bn (attd 1st Bn) Royal Fusiliers, died 21st August 1915. Age 22.
From De Ruvigny's Son of Richard and Jane Emily (nee Kellock) Stirling born 27/01/1893, South Brent, Devon. Educated Exeter School and Exeter College, Oxford. Member of the OTC at both and a keen cricketer, playing for his college XI. Student at Middle Temple 1913.Volunteered for foreign service at outbreak of war. 2nd Lt 5th bn 15/08/1914, joined Expeditionery force Jaunuary 1915 (MRI 04/01/1915), attached to 1st Bn, promoted to Lt. 02/02/1915. Killed in action in trenches at Hooge. CWGC gives address of mother and late father as Uphill, Warren Road Guildford.Surrey Ad 28/8/1915 reported that he had been engaged in locating the enemy's position when a sniper shot him through the head. He had played cricket for Woking CC and was a member of Guildford Golf Club. Richard is buried SANCTUARY WOOD CEMETERY, France II. F. 5Return to Roll of Honour Table
2nd Lieutenant, 52nd Coy Machine Gun Corps, died 25th April 1917. Age 33
Son of Mrs. and the late Rev. C. D. Stooks and brother of Miss P. A. Stooks, of Sheaves, Epsom Road, Guildford. Also commemorated on the Yateley War Memorial, Hants. www.Roll-of-Honour.com website states that he was son of Mrs Alice L and the late Rev Charles D Stooks formerly of The Vicarage, Yateley Green. Herbert is buried in DUISANS BRITISH CEMETERY, ETRUN IV. E. 40.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lieutenant, 8th Bn. Royal Berkshire attd. 53rd Trench Mortar Battery, died 21st. March 1918. Age 29.
Son of John Mariner Sumpster and Charlotte Sumpster, of Guildford, Surrey. Husband of Dora Alice Sumpster, of 7, Festing Grove, Southsea, Hants. 1911 Census the family lived at 20 Farnham Road, father was Railway Station Master, Frank was not resident here in 1911. Frank and other officers from the 8th Bn Berkshire Regiment were photographed in 1915 and all the men in the photograph have been researched by Andrew Tatham and the results are published at www.groupphoto.co.uk. From this website we know Frank went to the Royal Grammar School, emigrated to Canada, returned to marry and live in Southsea, before joining up at the outbreak of War. Wounded on the Somme in August 1916 Frank was killed in the German Spring offensive, March 1918. He left a wife and daughter just five weeks old when he was killed. Frank's body was never recovered Surrey Advertiser 13/4/1918 reported that Lt. F. M. Sumpster R. Berks Regt. Missing since March 21st is the son of Mr. J.M. Sumpster who has just retired from the position of Station Master at Guildford. The same paper on 28/09/1918 reported under the headline "AN UNFORTUNATE MISTAKE" how there had been some confusion about Frank being missing. A fellow officer injured at the same time and taken prisoner by the Germans had written home saying he had seen Frank badly injured and hoped that he too had ended up in hospital in Germany. Unfortunately this officer was now writing to clarify that he last saw Frank on the battlefield and not in hospital. This was reported as a sad blow to Mr and Mrs Sumpster and their daughter in law who has a little girl just a few months old. Frank is commemorated on POZIERES MEMORIAL Panel 56 and 57Return to Roll of Honour Table
Major, HQ Staff, Royal Field Artillery. Died 27th August 1917. Age 35.
Son of Col. and Mrs. Stewart Trench, of 21, Hans Mansions, Sloane Square, London. Derrick was a pupil at Bloxham school from 1893 to 1898. From www.bloxhamschoolwardead.co.uk After training at RMA Sandhurst he joined the Royal Artillery and worked his way through the ranks to Major. He was killed by shell fire, in the same explosion that killed Brigadier General Malcolm Peake. Derrick was mentioned in despatches no less than 5 times, and was awarded an MC and a DSO for gallant conduct. (Brigadier-General Peake was killed by an enemy shell while reconnoitering on Hill 70 , near Loos. Further research on the web suggests he was awarded the DSO, 4th June 1917 and his Military Cross in June 1915. He was also mentioned in dispatches June 1915, January 1916 and June 1916. Derrick is buried, Noeux-Les-Mines Communal Cemetery, France. Grave I.U. 1Return to Roll of Honour Table
Lance Corporal 2022, 7th Bn., The Queen's (Royal West Surrey Regt., died Friday, 25th October 1918. Age 26.
Walter was the son of James Tuckwell, of 59, Cline Rd., Guildford.
The Surrey Advertiser 9th November 1918 reported Walter's death as follows:-
"Mr. J. Tuckwell, 61, Cline Road, has received news of the death, while tending the wounded, of his eldest son, Lance-Corpl. Walter J. Tuckwell, 7th Queen's, aged 27. He joined up on Aug. 29th, 1914 and had gone through without a scratch up to the time of his death. In a letter to the parents, Sergt. Graham Henderson stated that their son was his senior stretcher-bearer and they all had a very high opinion of him. He won the Military Medal for bravery at Thiepval in Sept. 1916. Before the War he was for some time a porter at the County Hospital, and afterwards was on the Highways staff under the Corporation."
Walter's name appears in the Battalion War Diary for 1918 (Queen's Regt. Museum, Clandon), in a list of men in "B" Company, specially commended for work done between 22nd August - 4th September 1918.
From the Diary we know that on 23rd October, the Battalion left Maurois in the early hours of the morning and marched through Le Cateau, and set up headquarters at La Fayt Farm.
The 7th Queen's were ordered to attack the villages of Bousies and Robersart. The area was large but the enemy were thought to be in a "de-moralised condition". Two tanks were allocated, and were to synchronise their arrival at Robersart with that of the Queen's.
On 24th October, the attack was opened at 0400. Machine gun fire and snipers in the hedgerows on the outskirts of Robersart caused many casualties and by 0630 'B' Company had to withdraw under pressure, leaving one platoon along the Renuart Farm Road.
Meanwhile A and C companies were subjected to a heavy artillery barrage and had to dig-in in an orchard. 'A' Company attacked the village of Robersart, next to Bousies, but with no support on either flank had to retire under machine gun fire. They were then horrifically trapped, for three days, between the British barrage and the enemy S.O.S. bombardment.
Eventually, after much determined fighting, 'B' Company took the village.
Previously, in 1916, the 7th Queen's took part in the first battles on the Somme, and in the second phase battles including the capture of Trones Wood, and the Battle for Delville Wood.
In August 1916, the Battalion, together with the rest of the 18th Division, were ordered to attack the fortified village of Thiepval. After fierce fighting the Division captured the village and went on to attack the nearby defensive position, known as the Schwaben Redoubt.
After two days fighting, in the complex trench system, the 7th Queen's captured the Redoubt, at the cost of some 395 casualties. It was here, that Walter was awarded the Military Medal. The Battalion war diary lists Walter and four others who were all awarded the medal but no further details were given.
As part of the 55th Brigade, 18th Division, the 7th Queen's went on to fight at the Third Battle of Ypres, including the Battle of Pilckem, where they helped to capture Westhoek, and Passchendale, where the Allies suffered 400,000 casualties.
Pushed back 40 miles by the Spring Offensive in 1918, the Division rallied and helped in the closing stages of the War. Taking part in many actions, including the Battles of Epehy, St. Quentin Canal, and the Battle of the Selle, before Walter Tuckwell's final action, the Battle of the Sambre, described above.
Walter Tuckwell is buried in Cross Roads Cemetery, between the villages of Fontaine-au-Bois and Bousies, not far from where he fell. Grave number IV. B. 8.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Staff Sergeant, S4/128216, No. 1 Line of Communication Supply Coy.Army Service Corps, died 19th July 1917. Age 31
Army Service Record gives address originally "Kimbolton", York Road, crossed out and "Wakehurst" Cranleigh inserted. Trade was "Professor of Music" Attested 1/9/15 age 29. Died of heatstroke, Basra. 1911 Census family at 187 High Street, father, John was a Costumier and Charles, age 24,was Professor of Music. Surrey Ad 28/07/1917 reported that Charles the eldest son of Mr and Mrs J. Vince, Kimbolton, York Road, was dangerously ill in hospital suffering from heatstroke. He had been in Mesopotamia for the best part of a year going on as far as Bagdhad. Organist at Parish Church Cranleigh. Surrey Advertiser 04/08/1917 carried his obituary, reporting that he was born in 1896, educated at the Royal Grammar school and studied music at Trinity College, London. He assisted Henry Smith the organist at Holy Trinity, and was the organist and choirmaster at St Lukes, Charlotteville and Cranleigh church. He married Miss Weller of Cranleigh June 1914. He had two brothers, one serving in France, the other engaged in war work at home. He is buried BAGHDAD (NORTH GATE) WAR CEMETERY X. F. 10.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, 6687, 2nd Bn. Honorable Artillery Coy, died 15th March 1917. Age 20.
Son of Nathan and Sarah Ann Vincent, of "Bradley", Dene Rd., Guildford. Attested 14/1/1916 Went to France 3/10/1916. Killed in Action. Norman is buried GOMMECOURT BRITISH CEMETERY No.2, HEBUTERNEReturn to Roll of Honour Table
Sergeant, G/49091, 1st/9th Bn. Middlesex Regiment, formerly 2020 in Royal West Surrey Regiment. Died 27th September 1918. Age 21
Soldiers Died states enlisted and resident Guildford. CWGC-Son of Arthur Forster Walden and Eleanor Walden of 73, York Rd., Aldershot. Born at Guildford, Surrey. MRI - 17/7/1915 went to Egypt. 1901 Census, age 3 lived with family in no 6, Recreation Road. 1911 Census he was a schoolboy, living with family at Arkley, Wherwell Road Guildford, Surrey. Father was a Valuer for an Auctioneer. The 1/9th Bn arrived Bombay on 2 December 1914, eventually moved to Mesopotamia, arriving Basra on 24 November 1917, and joined the 53rd Brigade of the 18th Indian Division. It remained in that theatre until the end of the war. We do not know when Edgar left the Royal West Surrey to join the Middlesex. Edgar is buried MADRAS (ST. MARY'S) CEMETERY, CHENNAI 18. 186.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Captain, 1st Bn Gordon Highlanders. Died 26th September 1917. Age 20
Son of Mrs. and the late Maj. Christopher G. Watson (R.F.A.), of 5, Grange Gardens, Eastbourne. Went to France March 1915. Surrey Ad 03/11/1917 reported his death and that he was the son of the late Major C.G Watson, Lanesborough, Guildford. John is buried BRANDHOEK NEW MILITARY CEMETERY No.3 I. K. 10Return to Roll of Honour Table
Driver,219559, 570th Army Troops Coy, Royal Engineers. Died 5th November 1917.Age 33.
Resided 22 Castle Street. Surrey Ad 10/11/1917 - Widowed mother lived in Castle Street. He had joined up June 1917(attested Dec 1915, joined up 16/6/1917). Died of fever in Egypt. Was employed by Alderman J. Baker's Dairy as a foreman. Had a brother serving in France. Service Record states malaria as cause of death. Army Troops Companies were used for behind the lines bridging and water work. Ernest is buried ALEXANDRIA (HADRA) WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY D. 208.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private G/2184, 7th Bn The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)Regiment. Died 15th July 1916. Age 28.
From Soldiers Died Great War, William Frederick born Petersfield, enlisted Guildford, died of wounds 15th July 1916. CWGC lists him as F.W. Withers date of death 15th July 1916. Surrey Advertiser 28/9/1918 reported William as residing South Place, Bright Hill and date he died as 17th July. 1911 Census shows him age 23 residing in Woking and working as a bar-keeper. He was married to Ehel Withers and had one son. William was probably wounded during the same action where Captain Bennett was killed, attacking Trones Wood. Total casualties were 13 officers and 216 other ranks. The casualties were virtually all that was left of the Battalion after the heavy losses during the early part of the Battle of the Somme and the Battalion had now just about been eliminated. William is buried ST. SEVER CEMETERY, ROUEN A.26.6.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private 204910, 15th Bn., Hampshire Regiment died Monday, 8th April 1918. Age 28.
Thomas Wooldridge was the son of Thomas John Wooldridge, 66, Addison Road, and husband of Matilda Annie Wooldridge, of 67, Guildford Park Road, Guildford.
In the 1901 Census Thomas age 11 was recorded living with his parents, Thomas and Annie at 66 Addison Road. His father's occupation was Printer Compositor. He had two sisters Ethel and Annie.
The Surrey Advertiser, 28th September 1918, listed Thomas in its Roll of Honour,
"Wooldridge, Pte. T.J., Hants R., Son of Mr. & Mrs. T.J. Wooldridge, Addison Road. Wounds April 8th 1918, France."
The 15th Battalion Hampshire Regiment was part of 122nd Brigade, 41st Division. The Division was formed in September 1915 and went to France in May 1916.
After training and experience of trench warfare south of Ypres, the Division was ordered to the Somme area in August 1916. Here it took part in the Battles of Flers-Courcelette and Le Transloy.
In 1917, the Division returned to Flanders and was involved in the Battle of Messines and the Third Battle of Ypres.
Following the defeat of the Italian Army at Caporetto, the 41st Division moved to Italy in November 1917, with four other British divisions. In early March 1918, two of these divisions, including the 41st, were called back urgently to France. To be faced with the might of the German second Army at St. Quentin, just north of the River Somme.
On 22nd March 1918, the German armies broke through south of the Somme, and by 26th March the British Fifth Army, including 41st Division were, close to total disintegration. As they withdrew westward, the British rapidly established new positions and then abandoned them, as they were pushed back some 40 miles.
It is very likely, that Thomas Wooldridge was wounded during this time and taken to one of the Military Hospitals at Rouen, in Normandy.
Thomas is buried in St. Sever Cemetery, situated about 3 kilometres south of Rouen Cathedral. Grave P. IX. C. 8A.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Private, L/7801, 1st Bn The Queen's (Royal West Surrey)Regiment. Died 31st October 1914. Age 31.
Resided and enlisted in Guildford. 1911 age 28 living no 4 Milk House Gate, occupation drayman at brewery. MRI went to France 12th August 1914. From war diary we know the Queen's were in trenches at Gheluvult. On the 31st they repulsed a dawn attack followed by a heavy bombardment fron German guns and another attack where the Germans surrounded some of their positions. By the end of the day some 624 other ranks were killed, missing or wounded. YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL Panel 11 - 13 and 14Return to Roll of Honour Table
Rifleman,3634, 1st/16th Bn London (Queen's Westminster Rifles). Died 1st July 1916. Age 22.
Soldiers Died gives birth place Redhill, residence Guildford. 1911 Census he was age 17 employed as a law clerk living with his parents, James and Harriet at 58 High Street. Parents were stewards at a club. MRI shows he went to France 17/8/1915. Killed on first day of Somme. The Queen's Westminster Rifles were part of the attack by 56th Div at Gommecourt. The division lost 4314 men on this day. The Queen's Westminster's lost 600 out of 750 killed, wounded or missing, including every officer. THIEPVAL MEMORIAL Pier and Face 13 C.Return to Roll of Honour Table
Officers Steward 3rd Class. Died 1st December 1916. Age 18.
CWGC father is Frederick John Taylor. 1911 Census family at 3 Bury Fields Buildings, Guildford. Frederick is a gardener. Joseph's casulty record states Mother was Ellen Taylor 2, Powells Cottages, St Catherines, Guildford. He died of disease whilst stationed at HMS Victory, Portsmouth. Joseph is buried Royal Naval Cemetery, Haslar, Gosport, Grave 26. 6.Return to Roll of Honour Table