Ilex to Juniperus

 

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Ilex aquifolium L.   Holly

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 51

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: Harvie-Brown 1904.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Cliffs, woods and rocky moorland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Inula helenium L.   Elecampane 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Below Brochel Castle (Harrison, 1937a). Still there 2014. Also further south, below Druim an Aonaich SJB 2004.  

 

Herb. LANC: KBB 1935 Raasay.

 

 

Iris pseudacorus L.  Yellow Iris or Yellow Flag 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 14

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Marshy ground near the sea including the upper reaches of saltmarshes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isoetes lacustris L.   Quillwort 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 11

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

In stony lochs e.g. Loch Uachdair and Loch Beag (Griffiths, 1938).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isolepis setacea (L.) R. Br.   Bristle Club-rush 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 23

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  SJB 2007.

 

In mud on paths, marshes and waste ground. Probably under-recorded.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juncus acutiflorus Ehrh. ex Hoffm.  Sharp-flowered Rush

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 23

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 64

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

"Abundant but not on Fladday" as J. sylvaticus Reich. (Harrison 1937a). Actually not that abundant, but locally found in sizeable patches.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juncus ambiguus see Juncus ranarius

 

Juncus articulatus L.  Jointed Rush

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 90

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Very common in wet places generally.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juncus bufonius L.  Toad Rush 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 50

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Muddy areas and tracks. The var. fasciculatus Koch reported from the same hollow as J. capitatus (Harrison, 1937c) is no longer recognised.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juncus bulbosus L.  Bulbous Rush

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 93

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Common in wet places. The aquatic form with no flowers and translucent leaves is also common enough in lochs and lochans.

 

 

*Juncus capitatus Weigel   Dwarf Rush   (Vulnerable where native)

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

In a damp stony hollow along a tributary of the Arish Burn, near the Cicendia pusilla (Harrison, 1937a) det. WHP. Still present in reduced numbers 1951 (Harrison & Morton). Recorded later by JWHH from Rum and Barra. Introduced and never seen again.

 

Herb. BM JWHH 1936 + photograph WAC 1936. E: JWHH 1936 + photographs; WAC 1936. K JWHH 1936, WAC 1936. HAMU JWHH 1936 ex herb GWT.  All from the single site.

 

Juncus conglomeratus L.   Compact Rush 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 93

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36. (EPS 1933 as J. communis which would have included this species and J. effusus.)

 

Common on moorland and in wet places on more acidic soils. The var. subuliflorus Drejer is known from eleven 1 km squares in the north of Raasay and both 10 km squares on Rona.

 

Juncus effusus L.   Soft-rush

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 98

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB & CWM 1994.  (EPS 1933 as J. communis which would have included this species and

                        J. conglomeratus.)

 

Common in wet places everywhere, including more basic soils. The form spiralis is known from nineteen 1 km squares mostly in the north of Raasay and both 10 km squares on Rona. The var. subglomeratus DC is widespread but has not been recorded separately.

 

Juncus foliosus Desf.   Leafy Rush 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  SJB 2003.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  SJB 2003.

 

Known on Raasay from wet mud near a burn between Arnish and Torran (2003) and a to the north of Torran (2013). One site known on Rona. A 1934 record for NG53 by HMM is not definitive as to whether it was on Skye or Raasay.

 

Juncus gerardii Loisel.  Saltmarsh Rush 

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Raasay:           Recording Units: 22

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Common around the coast in saltmarshes and on rocks at the top of the shore.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Juncus pygmaeus Rich. Ex Thuill.   Pigmy Rush  (Endangered where native)

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1935.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

A single specimen collected between Oskaig and Holoman (Harrison 1937a) conf. WHP & AJW). Introduced and thought never to have been seen again - but see herbarium specimens:

 

Herb. BM: JWHH 1935. RNG: JWHH 1937 ex-Herb E. C. Wallace.

 

It is not clear how two specimens exist and one from a year with no record.

 

Juncus ranarius Songeon & E.P. Perrier  Frog Rush

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: RBC 1937.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB 2003.

 

Saltmarsh and similar coastal habitats at Oskaig on Raasay, the southern shore of Big Harbour and at the north end of Rona. Perhaps under-recorded. A 1934 record for NG53 by HMM is not definitive as to whether it was on Skye or Raasay.

 

Herb. BM: RBC 1937 Raasay.

 

Juncus squarrosus L.   Heath Rush

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 75

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Common on the moors but surprisingly, not noted in recent years on Rona.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Juncus tenuis Willd.  Slender Rush 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 10

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Roads and waste places, West Suisnish, Inverarish, Clachan, Fearns, Brae and Arnish.

 

Herb. HAMU: GWT 1937 Raasay. LANC: KBB 1935 Raasay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juncus x kern-reichgeltii Jansen & Wacht. ex Reichg.  Juncus effusus x conglomeratus

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record: MW 2007.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Probably common but overlooked.

 

 

Juncus x surrejanus Druce ex Stace & Lambinon.  Juncus articulatus x acutiflorus

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: SJB 2007 det MW.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Needs further work. May only be variants of  J. acutiflorus.

 

 

Juniperus communis L.   Juniper

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 40

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: Boswell 1773.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

The prostrate form known as subsp. nana is widespread on rocks and moorland, becoming common towards the north of Raasay and the northwest of Rona. Records of subsp. communis (Harrison, 1937a, 1937c) are doubtful. An erect six-foot tall shrub in the northwest of Rona nonetheless has leaf characters of subsp. nana.

 

Herb. HAMU: GWT 1936 near Torran. LANC: KBB 1935 Oskaig.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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