Narcissus to Oxyria

 

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*Narcissus aggregate L.  Daffodils

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 55

                        First Record: SJB 1998.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 66

                        First Record:  SJB 2005.

 

Planted or garden escapes. N. poeticus West Suisnish near shore SJB 1998. N. pseudonarcissus­-type Henderson’s Bridge 1999, Clachan 2005, Fladday 2007, Glen Road 2014. Naturalised in Raasay House grounds. Rona Base 2005.

 

 

Nardus stricta L.  Mat-grass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 96

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Widespread and common on moors and rocks.

 

Nasturtium offcinale  W.T. Aiton   Water-cress

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Rare, only in small streams at sea level, Rudha na Leac and Fearns, Raasay (Harrison, 1937a).  Still at Fearns, both at sea-level and higher, near the road.  Not re-found at Rudha na Leac.

 

 

Narthecium ossifragum (L.) Huds.  Bog Asphodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 93

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Widespread and common on wet moors and in bogs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neottia cordata (L.) LCM Rich.   Lesser Twayblade

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 37

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB 1999.

 

Widespread but easily missed under heather. Also amongst moss in ravines, in woodland and occasionally in open moor or rocks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neottia nidus-avis (L.) LCM Rich.   Bird's-nest Orchid     Near-threatened

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record: BSBI 1969.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

A single flowering spike in woodland above path from Fearns to Leac, the first vice-county record. Sadly, collected by overseas visitor who did not realise its rarity here. Never seen again, but three sites on Skye have since been found.

 

Herb. CWM now with SJB

 

 

Neottia ovata (L.) Bluff. & Fingerh.   Common Twayblade

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 12

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

On the basic rocks of Raasay’s east coast and where basic rocks appear north of Holoman on the west coast.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitella opaca (C. Agardh ex Bruzelius) C. Agardh  Dark Stonewort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 3

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Raasay (Harrison, 1937a). Pool south of Youth Hostel in NG5538 SJB 1993 det. NFS. North and south ends of Loch na Meilich SJB 2004 det. NFS. Probably more widespread. The NCC Loch Survey of 1989 listed Nitella sp. for five locations on Raasay, two of which are in the same location as the SJB records given above. The others are Loch na Cuilce, Loch na Uachdair and an unnamed lochan in NG5635.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nitella translucens (Pers.) C. Agardh  Translucent Stonewort 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Raasay (Harrison, 1937a). Home Loch (Loch a Mhuilin) SJB 2002 det. NFS.

 

 

Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm.  Yellow Water-lily 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54, 55

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1937.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

“Abundant in a loch to the south-west of Brochel as var. intermedia Aschers” (Harrison, 1937c). Re-found there (Loch na Leanna) SJB 1989. Still there 2009.  Loch Mòr, Fladday KC 1979, SJB 1989. Still there 2008. Also known on Scalpay but the only Skye record is now regarded as an error.

 

 

Nuphar pumila (Timm) DC. Least Water-lily    Nationally Scarce

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: ?

                        First Record: JWHH & JKM 1951.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Lochans in the north of Raasay (Harrison & Morton, 1951). Not seen since. “This species has long been confused with the hybrid N. lutea x N. pumila (N. x spenneriana)” (Preston et al., 2002). Known from mainland Scotland in NG86..

 

 

Nymphaea alba L. White Water-lily 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 15

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

In many lochs. Subsp. occidentalis (Ostenf.) Hyl. was recorded from more low-lying lochs on Raasay (Harrison, 1937a).

    

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odontites vernus (Bellardi) Dumort.  Red Bartsia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 8

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Generally near houses where there has been ground disturbance, albeit many years ago in some cases. All specimens examined critically are subsp. vernus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oenanthe crocata L.  Hemlock Water-dropwort

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 22

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Coastal, including upper sections of saltmarshes at Oskaig and on Rona.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Oenothera glazioviana P. Micheli   Large-flowered Evening-primrose

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 2006.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Inverarish roadside arising from garden waste.

    

 

*Olearia x haastii Hook. f.  Daisy-bush  

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 55

                        First Record: SJB 1996 det. JRP.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

A single plant on Fladday that was mature in 1983 and sent for determination in 1996. Lost in the January storm of 2005.

    

Ophioglossum azoricum C. Presl   Small Adder's-tongue       Nationally Scarce

Ophioglossum azoricum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 11

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54, 55, 65

                        First Record: SJB 1996 det. AP.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB 1999.

 

Locally plentiful in short peaty maritime turf. Not known on Skye until 2012. Also recorded from Eigg and Rum. Recent molecular work (2009) by Dr Jane Squirrell at RBGE has successfully separated this species from the next and proved that plants in dried-up peaty pools are also O. azoricum as are a couple of colonies near such sites but under bracken.  The diagram is colour-coded to show populations confirmed by DNA  in red, populations that are untested but show typical morphology in black and a population that would benefit from testing in green.  The last attempt to find this population, which was very small, failed.

       

 

 

 

 

 

Ophioglossum vulgatum L.   Adder's-tongue

Ophioglossum vulgatum

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 11

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 64

                        First Record: MGVT 1960.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record: SJB 2009.

Not known.

 

Grassy areas; always associated with bracken. The 1960 record was among boulders in grassland at Oskaig where it has not been seen since, perhaps owing to grazing pressure. See previous species for explanation of colour-coding on map.  The last attempt to find the population shown in green failed.

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

Orchis mascula (L.) L.  Early-purple Orchid

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 33

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Usually on rocks but also in grassland. Missing from Rona and the north end of Raasay. White-flowered specimens were found above Screapadal in 1997, apparently the first record for Scotland, though known elsewhere in the British Isles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oreopteris limbosperma (All.) Holub   Lemon-scented Fern

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 87

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Widespread and common in grassland, woods and scree.

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd.   Thyme Broomrape  Nationally Scarce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 8

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

On the eastern side of Raasay from the inland volcanic vent at Brochel to cliffs above Fearns. Always parasitizing thyme.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orthilia secunda (L.) House  Serrated Wintergreen

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 8

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

On basic rocks on the eastern cliffs of Raasay but also in the Storab Burn gorge and a second more westerly location nearby.

 

Herb. HAMU: AWB 1935 “Beinna Lesce” presumably Beinn na Leac (also known as Beinn na Lice) SUN: MHO undated Hallaig.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Osmunda regalis L.   Royal Fern

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 7

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Most sites are damp coastal cliffs: Holoman Bay, near Inver, between Screapadal and Brochel, Tarbeart and Eilean Tigh. Also plentiful on the edge of Loch Mòr, Fladday, especially on the island therein, and a single plant on the edge of Loch an Uachdair.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oxalis acetosella L.   Wood-sorrel

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 99

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Very common in woods, grassland, rocky areas and under bracken.

 

 

*Oxalis incarnata L.   Pale Pink-sorrel

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 1994.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Grown in gardens including Raasay House garden. Escaped onto shore at West Suisnish.

 

 

Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill   Mountain Sorrel

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53? 54?)

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1937.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

“Very local and rare on cliffs above Hallaig” (Harrison, 1937c).  Appeared on a list made for Druim an Aonaich during the BSBI Field Meeting in 1969 but there is some uncertainty as to who recorded it and to the exact location.

 

 

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