Papaver to Pyrola 

 

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*Papaver dubium L.  Long-headed Poppy 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 2005.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

Plants emerged from soil brought in from Alness in Easter Ross for road repair purposes in 2006. These plants were all subsp. dubium. They appear not to have survived the winter.

 

*Papaver rhoeas L.  Common Poppy

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 2011.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

Plants emerged from soil brought in around the new ferry terminal in 2010.

 

 

 

*Papaver somniferum L.  Opium Poppy

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 2000.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

Casual in roadside, Eyre SJB 2000, garden weed West Suisnish 2005 and Inverarish where garden waste is thrown 2006.  These plants were all subsp. somniferum.

 

 

Parentucellia viscosa   L. Yellow Bartsia

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: 53

                        First Record: KMB 1936.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

A specimen of this plant labelled Raasay 1936 is to be found in KMB’s herbarium now at LANC.  This is some way from the nearest accepted records (although it has recently been found as a casual on Lewis) and is not mentioned in Harrison’s Flora (Harrison, 1937a).

However, in 2011 several specimens of this plant emerged near the new ferry terminal, presumably from the grass seed used there.

 

Parnassia palustris L.   Grass-of-Parnassus

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

On the shore of Loch à Chadhacharnaich (Harrison 1937a). Not recorded since despite numerous attempts to find it.  Frequent enough on Skye.

 

 

Pedicularis palustris L.   Marsh Lousewort or Red Rattle 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 67

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Common in bogs, marshes and loch margins.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pedicularis sylvatica subsp. hibernica D.A. Webb   Lousewort    Nationally Scarce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 37

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 65

                        First Record: CWM 1979.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB 2007.

 

The less common of the two subspecies but with no obvious habitat preference.  Accounts for an estimated 3-5% of the species in total on Raasay but absent in some areas whilst very locally the sole representative in others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pedicularis sylvatica L. subsp. sylvatica   Lousewort  

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 93

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36 (as the species).

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933 (as species).

 

The much commoner of the two subspecies. In similar places to P. palustris but also in drier ground on the moors, and in grassland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Persicaria campanulata (Hook. f.) Ronse Decr.   Lesser Knotweed

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 1992.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Garden escape in Inverarish.  Quite large numbers between the road and the Arish Burn.  Some material from ditch-cleaning in Inverarish was transported south of West Suisnish in 2006 and this species then emerged there.

 

 

Persicaria hydropiper (L.) Delarbre   Water-pepper 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 3

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG (53), 54, 55, (65)

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Very rare. Small numbers in disturbed ground near Arnish but plentiful on a shingle bank on Fladday. Old records for Eyre (KC), Fearns (Harrison, 1937a) and Eilean Tigh (Harrison, 1937c) not re-found. Near Dry Harbour, Rona (Harrison, 1937a) and still there today.

 

 

Persicaria lapathifolia (L.) Delarbre   Pale Persicaria

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 2012.

 

Rona:               Not known

                       

Appeared in turned soil at Clachan in 2012 complete with distinctive yellow glands on peduncles.

 

 

Persicaria maculosa Gray   Redshank 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 13

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36 (by inference).

 

This species has clearly declined since the 1930s: “In fields, only too plentiful everywhere” (Harrison, 1937a).  With the loss of arable farming it is restricted to disturbed ground whether from road works or cultivation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persicaria vivipara (L.) Ronse Decr.   Alpine Bistort 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Only known from the northern end of Beinn na Leac within a single 1 km square but locally quite frequent.

 

 

Petasites hybridus (L.) P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.  Butterbur 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Only known from a small wet cliff below Brochel castle. Recorded in the 1930s and still there today but always in small numbers. Becoming shaded out by ash, 2014.

 

 

Phalaris arundinacea L.   Reed Canary-grass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

“Very local, on the east coast of Raasay only” (Harrison 1937a). This remains true today, if imprecise.  Not re-found until SJB 2000 on coastal cliffs south of Brochel and then SJB 2006 at the top of the shore at Fearns.

 

 

Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt   Beech Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 57

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Widespread in grassy places amongst rocks and in woods and ditches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Phleum bertolonii DC.  Smaller Cat's-tail

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: FR 1987.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Occasional and perhaps only a casual brought in with agricultural supplies. Inverarish and Brae SJB. Not seen recently.

 

 

*Phleum pratense L.  Timothy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  SJB 2007.

 

Better established than the previous species in the Inverarish and Clachan area but still only occasional and probably introduced. Almost certainly introduced to Rona with hay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Photinia davidiana see Stranvaesia davidiana

 

 

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.   Common Reed

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 6

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Lochs, notably Loch na Cuilce (loch of the reeds), Loch Mòr on Fladday and Loch Braig on Rona. Also in marshy areas especially in the north of Rona, at the top of Oskaig saltmarsh and in ditches.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phyllitis scolopendrium  see Asplenium scolopendrium 

 

 

*Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.   Norway Spruce

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 9

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Planted. Not known to be naturalised.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrire   Sitka Spruce

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 25

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record: SJB 1992.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  SJB 2002.

 

Widely planted in forestry plantations on Raasay and widely naturalised in small numbers over a wide area but in huge numbers locally where it will, unless checked, destroy large areas of moorland. By far the biggest threat to Raasay from invasive species.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Pilosella aurantiaca (L.) F.W. Schultz & Sch. Bip.    Fox-and-cubs

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: SJB 1996.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Garden escape in Inverarish and Clachan.

 

 

Pilosella officinarum F.W. Schultz & Sch. Bip.   Mouse-ear-hawkweed

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 30

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 64,  65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  SJB 2003.

 

Occasional on dry banks, both grassy and rocky.

 

The following subspecies have been recorded:

Subsp. officinarum at Oskaig (Kenneth & Stirling, 1970)

Subsp. tricholepia (Nägeli & Peter) P. D. Sell & C. West in “several localities” (Kenneth & Stirling, 1970)

Subsp. trichosoma (Peter) P. D. Sell & C. West (as Hieracium pernigrescens Zahn) at South Fearns (Harrison, 1937a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pinguicula lusitanica L.   Pale Butterwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 62

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Widespread in flushes and bogs everywhere except where basic rocks are found.

 

Herb. LANC: KBB 1935 Raasay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pinguicula vulgaris L.   Common Butterwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 94

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record: (EPS 1933 has Pinguicula sp.)  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Common in wet places including wet rocks and tolerant of more basic conditions than the preceding species.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon   Lodgepole Pine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 11

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: SJB 1992.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record: SJB 2002.

 

Planted in forestry plantations and wood on Rona.  Naturalised but to a more limited extent than on Skye.  Most trees in NG54 have been felled in recent years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Pinus mugo Turra   Dwarf Mountain-pine

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-1948.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Recorded from Raasay in Harrison (1948a) - probably the single tree at West Suisnish planted long ago and still surviving today.

 

*Pinus nigra subsp. laricio Maire   Corsican Pine

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record: SJB 1992.

 

Rona:               Not known

 

Planted in forestry plantations.  Apparently not naturalised.  It is possible that all the trees in NG54 have been felled in recent years - needs checking.

 

 

*Pinus sylvestris L.   Scots Pine   (Nationally Scarce as a Native Plant)

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 14

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Old and recent plantings.  Very rarely naturalised as at Brae.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plantago coronopus L.   Buck's-horn Plantain

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 39

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Common on the coast of Rona and the western and northern coasts of Raasay but rare in the east.  Saltmarshes, rocks and coastal turf.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plantago lanceolata L.  Ribwort Plantain 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 97

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Very common in grassland, rocks, saltmarshes and waste ground.

 

 

Plantago major L. Greater Plantain 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 59

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55 ,65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Roadsides, cultivated and waste ground and also on the east coast cliffs in drier grassland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plantago maritima L. Sea Plantain

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 60

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                        First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Saltmarshes, coastal rocks and also inland on rocks and in grassy places.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Platanthera bifolia (L.) LCM Rich.   Lesser Butterfly-orchid    Vulnerable

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 12

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Occasional in moorland.  Numbers vary from year to year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichb. p.  Greater Butterfly-orchid    Near-threatened

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Grassland. Most recent records are from an area stretching from Inverarish to Oskaig.  In recent years, the Oskaig population has been lost to tree planting and much of the largest population, at Clachan, has been lost to grassland “improvement”. A few years ago it was possible to find about 100 of these plants on Raasay, now one is lucky to find ten.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poa annua L.  Annual Meadow-grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 87

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  (EPS 1933 has Poa sp.)  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Drier areas on hills, cultivated and waste ground.  Widespread.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poa humilis Ehrh. ex Hoffm. Spreading Meadow-grass 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 51

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  (P. pratensis sens. lat. JWHH et al. 1934-36.) MMcCW 1957.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  (P. pratensis sens. lat. JWHH et al. 1934-36.) SJB 2003.

 

Widespread on rocks and walls and in grassy places.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poa nemoralis L.  Wood Meadow-grass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:   JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Recorded from woods around Raasay House (Harrison, 1937a) and woods along the Arish Burn (Harrison & Morton, 1951), perhaps both lost to afforestation. CC 1978 "Arnish" NG595488  (Grid reference is at Torran.).  Wood north of Big Harbour, Rona (Smith, 1934), re-found SJB 1999.

 

 

 

Poa pratensis sens. str. L.   Smooth Meadow-grass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:   (P. pratensis sens. lat. JWHH et al. 1934-36.) SJB 2003.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: -

                         First Record:  (P. pratensis sens. lat. JWHH et al. 1934-36.)

 

Rare but possibly under-recorded since P. pratensis sens. lat. (including P.humilis) was recorded during much of the recent recording project and by earlier recorders.

 

 

Poa trivialis L.  Rough Meadow-grass

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 49

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record: JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Frequent in richer grassland and waste ground.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polygala serpyllifolia Hosé   Heath Milkwort

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 95

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record: (JWHH et al. 1934-36?). SJB 1996.

 

Common on moors and rocks, the commoner species and the only one on acid soil. The entries for this and the next species look as though they may have been accidentally interchanged in Harrison (1937a).

 

 

 

Polygala vulgaris L.   Common Milkwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 18

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65?)

                         First Record: (EPS 1933, error for P. serpyllifolia?) (JWHH et al. 1934-36?)

 

Infrequent except on east coast cliffs of Raasay but present on outcrops of less acidic terrain elsewhere e.g. volcanic vents.  See comment under preceding species.

 

In the southwest of Raasay, Harrison (1937a) also listed P. dubia Bellynk. which equates to P. vulgaris subsp. collina.  This needs checking.  Other JWHH records refer to subsp. vulgaris.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All.   Solomon's-seal

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Planted in woods around Raasay House (Harrison, 1937a) but probably lost during afforestation.

 

 

Polygonum arenastrum Boreau   Equal-leaved Knotgrass 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  Aggregate: JWHH et al. 1934-36. Species: SJB 2001.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                         First Record:  Aggregate: EPS 1933. Species: SJB 2002.

 

The commoner species of P. aviculare agg. Eyre, West Suisnish, Inverarish, Oskaig, Balachuirn in waste places, roadsides and tracks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polygonum aviculare sens. str. L.   Knotgrass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 3

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  Aggregate: JWHH et al. 1934-36. Species: SJB 2005.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                         First Record:  Aggregate: EPS 1933.

 

Fields at Inverarish, Clachan and Oskaig.

 

 

 

Polypodium interjectum Shivas   Intermediate Polypody 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  EJB 1997.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Limestone on the east coast of Raasay and mortar in walls near Raasay House. Perhaps elsewhere.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polypodium vulgare L.   Polypody

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 92

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Common on rocks and trees.

 

 

Polystichum aculeatum (L.) Roth   Hard Shield-fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 44

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Widespread on cliffs and in woodland. At its finest on the east coast of Raasay.  Never recorded from Rona.

 

Herb. BM: MMcCW 1957 Hallaig.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth   Holly-fern   Vulnerable

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 4

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Rare on the east coast of Raasay.  Although only recorded from four 1 km squares, two of these contain several sites.

 

Herb. BM: MMcCW 1957 Hallaig cliffs.  HAMU: GWT 1937 Raasay.

 

 

 

Polystichum setiferum (Forssk.) T. Moore ex Woyn.  Soft Shield-fern 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH & JKM 1951.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Hallaig cliffs (Harrison & Morton, 1951). Not re-found.

 

 

Populus alba L.   White Poplar

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

“Planted in the wood near the post office” (Harrison, 1937a) when the post office was at Clachan.  Probably lost during afforestation.

 

 

Populus tremula L.  Aspen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 55

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Widespread on cliffs and rocks, mostly near the coast.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Populus x canadensis Moench   Hybrid Black-poplar 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Harrison (1937a) recorded “P. deltoida Marsh.” - presumably P. deltoides Marsh (Black Poplar) - as introduced in the wood near the post office, when the post office was at Clachan.  This seems most likely to have been P. x canadensis but this will forever remain uncertain. Probably lost during afforestation. (A single mature specimen of P. x canadensis was growing in a West Suisnish garden until the early-1990s.)

 

 

Potamogeton berchtoldii Fieber   Small Pondweed 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  NCCLS 1989.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Northwest corner of Loch a' Mhuillin (Home Loch).  Conf. CDP.  Re-found 2007 in the southeast corner of the same loch.

 

 

[Potamogeton crispus L.   Curled Pondweed]

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: ?

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-1950.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Described as “not seen in vc104” (Harrison, 1948b) but later (Harrison, 1951) this statement was retracted and it was claimed from Raasay although no location was given. It is known from a single site on Skye.

 

 

Potamogeton filiformis Pers.   Slender-leaved Pondweed     Nationally Scarce

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-1936.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

In “two or three” of the lochs on Raasay, conf. WHP (Harrison, 1937a).  Plentiful in Loch à Chadhacharnaich, a few plants in deeper water at the southern end of Loch na Meilich. Dandy’s index cards at BM have Herb. KBB 1935 Loch na Meilich.  Not recorded recently from Loch na Mna.

 

Herb. DHM: BMG? Loch na Meilich and Loch na Mna 1935. JKM Loch à Chadhacharnaich 1951.

 

 

Potamogeton gramineus L.   Various-leaved Pondweed

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1937.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Dandy’s index cards in BM show Herb. JWHH [no longer extant] JWHH 1937 Raasay, with no further location.  Loch Eadar da Bhaile SJB 2002 conf. NTHH. Loch an Rathaid SJB 2002.

 

 

Potamogeton lucens L.  Shining Pondweed

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53, 54)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Loch na Meilich (Harrison, 1937a). NG53 MMcCW 1957. North end of Loch na Meilich KC 1980, 1986.

 

 

Potamogeton natans L.   Broad-leaved Pondweed

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 11

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                         First Record:  (EPS 1933 but habitat very unlikely). JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Loch à Chadhacharnaich, Loch an Rathaid, Loch Eadar da Bhaile, Loch Uachdair (Harrison, 1948a). Also in other lochs.  Loch Braig on Rona.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamogeton pectinatus L.   Fennel Pondweed

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 0

                        Ten kilometre squares: (NG 53)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                         First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

 

Local in several lochs on Raasay and in Loch Braig, Rona” (Harrison, 1937a). Loch à Chadhacharnaich (Harrison, 1948a). Not recorded since, but one recent site is known on Skye.

 

 

Potamogeton perfoliatus L. Perfoliate Pondweed 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Lochs on Raasay (Harrison,1937a). Many lochs on Raasay including Loch Eadar da Bhaile (Harrison, 1948b).  Dandy index cards in BM have Herb. JWHH 1937 Raasay. Only known recent site is Loch an Rathaid SJB 1993, .

 

Herb. DHM: BMG? 1935 Loch an Rathaid.

 

 

Potamogeton polygonifolius Pourr.    Bog Pondweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 88

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Widespread and common in bogs, ditches, burns, lochans and lochs.  Only missing from base-rich areas. Dandy’s index cards at BM have Herb. KBB 1935 Raasay.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamogeton praelongus Wulfen   Long-stalked Pondweed    Near-threatened

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1937.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Only known from Loch na Meilich (Harrison 1937c; CWM & KC 1987; NCCLS 1989; SJB 2002) where it grows in both north and south ends of the loch i.e. in two 10 km squares.

 

 

 

*Potentilla anglica Laichard.  Trailing Tormentil

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  SJB 2005.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Garden weed at West Suisnish. Accidental introduction. Many full achenes so not a hybrid. Still there 2009.

 

 

Potentilla anserina L.   Silverweed 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 59

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Common around the coast as a shingle plant.  Also on roadsides and in waste places.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch.   Tormentil 

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 99

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Very common in moorland, grassy places and on rocks.  Subsp. erecta is the common form but subsp. strictissima may also occur.

 

 

Potentilla palustris see Comarum palustre

 

*Potentilla reptans L.   Creeping Cinquefoil

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  SJB 1993.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                         First Record:  MJD & WOC 1958.

 

Garden weed, Clachan 1993. Still there 2012. Reported from the Dry Harbour area on Rona (Delaney & Copland, 1964) - error?

 

Potentilla sterilis (L.) Garcke    Barren Strawberry

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 55

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36. 

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65

                        First Record:  SJB 2015.

 

Very rare, in contrast to the situation on Skye.  It is found in a few roadside sites between North Bay and Oskaig, one of which may be the same as the original site in the 1930s given as “near Inverarish”. A record for Fladday, CWM 1987, was re-found in 2007. New to Rona in 2015 beside the track from Big Harbour to Dry Harbour.

 

[* Primula veris L.   Cowslip]

Raasay:           Not known.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: (NG 65)

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Wood north of Big Harbour (Smith, 1934) and also recorded from the same area by Delaney & Copland (1964).  Either planted or an error.  Perhaps a mistake for large-leaved P. vulgaris.

 

 

Primula vulgaris Huds.   Primrose

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 95

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Woods, grassland and rocks everywhere.

 

 

Prunella vulgaris L.   Selfheal

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 98

                        Ten kilometre squares: All

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Common in grassland and roadsides, waste ground and gardens.

 

 

Prunus avium (L.) L.   Wild Cherry

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36. 

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Sparingly in Raasay House woods (Harrison, 1937a). Raasay House grounds SJB 1996 and near Henderson’s Bridge SJB 1996-1999. Status uncertain: planted in Raasay House grounds but possibly native elsewhere.  It occurs occasionally in woodland on Skye.

 

 

*Prunus domestica L. subsp. domestica    Plum

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  SJB 1995.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

A single tree planted at Torran, some years covered in fruit.

 

 

*Prunus laurocerasus L.   Cherry Laurel

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  JRP 1979.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Planted in and around Raasay House grounds.

 

 

*Prunus lusitanica L.  Portugal Laurel

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  Anon 1987.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Planted in Raasay House grounds. Still there 2009.

 

 

Prunus padus L.   Bird Cherry

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 5

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55

                        First Record:  JAHB 1903.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Brochel woods by shore (Harvie-Brown,1903). Raasay MMcCW 1957. Screapadal 2014 HA & KH. Planted in considerable numbers as part of tree-planting scheme above Youth Hostel and on Fladday.

 

 

*Prunus spinosa L.  Blackthorn

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  BSBI 1978.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

BSBI record is unlocalised within NG53. Raasay House grounds SJB 1992-97, lost during Raasay House renovation 2008. Long-established hedge at Clachan 2010.

 

 

Pseudorchis albida (L.) . Löve & D. Löve   Small-white Orchid    Vulnerable

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

JWHH’s records for South Fearns and Oskaig have not been re-found. Nor has the BSBI 1969 record for the Druim an Aonaich area. The only recent records are Dun Caan SJB 1994, between Dun Caan and Meall Daimh SJB 1996 and Brochel area 2015 JH.

 

 

*Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco   Douglas Fir

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53

                        First Record:  SJB 1993.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Planted as a minor component of forestry.

 

 

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn    Bracken

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 94

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54, 55, 64, 65

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  EPS 1933.

 

Missing only from the highest areas.

 

 

Puccinellia maritima (Huds.) Parl.    Common Saltmarsh-grass

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 3

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, 54

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Ten kilometre squares: NG 65, 66

                         First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Harrison (1937a) recorded this plant as very local in salt marshes on Raasay and Rona.  Known populations on Raasay today are in the estuary of the Arish Burn and in the Oskaig and Manish saltmarshes. On Rona it is present in several locations in similar habitat.

 

 

Pyrola media Sw.   Intermediate Wintergreen   Vulnerable

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 2

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  SJB 1996.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Above Screapadal on rocks under heather and in a hollow in cliffs by the Glam Burn with Orthilia.

 

 

Pyrola minor L.   Common Wintergreen

 

Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 53, (54)

                        First Record:  JWHH et al. 1934-36.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Abundant on the islands in Loch à Chadhacharnaich. Site at Brae BSBI 1969, KC 1987, appears to have gone, perhaps as a consequence of muirburn.  The JWHH site near Screapadal has not been re-found – possibly the P. media listed above?

 

Herb. E: CWM 1969 Brae

 

Pyrola rotundifolia L. subsp. rotundifolia    Round-leaved Wintergreen   Near-threatened

 

 Raasay:           Recording Units: 1

                        Ten kilometre squares: NG 54

                        First Record:  SJB 1997.

 

Rona:               Not known.

 

Rock ledge on eastern cliffs of Raasay. Conf. HN & PM. Only site known in the vice-county. Does not flower every year. DNA testing at RBGE has further confirmed the identity.

 

 

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